Syria Maintains A Nuclear
Syria maintains a nuclear energy program it claims is only for peaceful purposes”(Nuclear Files). Countries make agreements to better the world and the people who inhabit it. The most important agreements made are usually to prevent war and keep peace between the countries. By not having certain agreements, countries feel the need to possess power and that causes bigger problems within certain governments. The countries don;t agree all together on the agreement or if an agreement was made they eventually change their mind on the policy. In Syria, they;re suffering from government problems in their own country that caused a big separation between the people. The civil war in their country will likely never end which will cause them to find other ways to solve their problems outside of the country. Also, Syria;s president, Bashar al-Assad, seems like he will never make a difference to people and their demands. He allowed a group from Iraq to come in and take over part of eastern Syria by force. The Nonproliferation treaty, International Atomic Energy Agency Model Additional Protocol agreements and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty were established to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons. The spread of nuclear weapons should not occur in Syria because there is not stable and responsible for their actions and they also have territorial issues with other countries and groups of people in their country. Syria obtaining a nuke would be dangerous for the world and they should just agree to the terms of the treaty and should not have to be monitored by the United States.
The problems in Syria began around 2011 as a peaceful protest but eventually became an armed civil conflict which has damaged the lives of over 100,000 people and it also forced over two million people to flee to other somewhat safe or neighboring countries (Lucy Rodgers, 2011). That conflict has captured the world’s attention because of the certain tactics enforced by the president of Syria, Bashar al-Assad. Also due to that conflict unarmed civilians were attacked and killed by government troops as they searched for the most effective and seemingly brutal method for killing the people planning to overthrow the government. There are a few US politicians that feel that they have a responsibility to engage in Syria’s world. They try to get involved in and control the military, but since there has been several wars in Syria already it seems to be no big support for that movement. The United States tries to be the world’s policeman and they;re not. They should let countries solve their own problems. The United States can not help everyone, especially when they barely receive help themselves. There has been several rumors crying out for foreign intervention when other countries found out that Syria’s government supposedly used chemical weapons against their own citizens while fighting against the rebels. The use of chemical weapons has been banned because of the bad effect they had during World War I. The world was outraged and furious about chemical weapons, but all they had proof of was that chemical weapons were definitely used. No one knew what side actually used them or if anyone used them at all because their was no proof. The Syrian government claims that they had nothing to do with any of the attacks, but Syria is involved in a civil conflict that is tearing their own country apart and the use of chemical weapons has made the United States, France, Great Britain, and the United Nations willing to intervene and take over Syria. The United States stands on their limit of military forces so there is a slight chance that an armed foreign intervention will take place. The big conflict inside Syria’s borders actually began as a response to the government’s very harsh and public punishment of the youth who were arrested for placing anti government graffiti on buildings. The punishments were seen as unfair and cruel. Many civilians went out in the streets to protest. The Syrian leadership government didn;t approve of the protesting so they hit the protesters hard and violently. They hoped to squash any resistance to the government and consolidate their power. At first the protesters just wanted democracy and of course the resignation of Bashar al-Assad, when these demands were met with brutality and murder, and the president promised change if the protests ended. However the protesters didn’t believe him so they continued to fight on and attack the government.
According to Lucy Rodgers from BBC News, “More than 250,000 Syrians have lost their lives in four and a half years of armed conflict, which began with anti-government protests before escalating into a full-scale civil war. More than 11 million others have been forced from their homes as forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad and those opposed to his rule battle each other – as well as jihadist militants from so-called Islamic State.” The president is the huge problem for Syria’s government issues even though that should be assumed by his role in the government. The people have protested on several occasions due to violence from Syria’s own armed forces killing innocent people for no real reason or cause. Some protesters have chosen to fight back with the armed forces thereby full fledge war throughout the country. This further damages the country;s system, land and resources. It causes other countries to question Syria’s abilities and makes them feel like they should take control over Syria and change their way of living and government. Syria is a non-nuclear weapon state party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) since 1969, and a proponent of a Weapons of Mass Destruction Free Zone (WMDFZ) in the Middle East, Syria has been suspected of harboring nuclear weapons ambitions. While Damascus is currently known to possess only one small operational nuclear reactor, the Chinese builtSRR-1, it has consistently pursued more advanced nuclear technologies. The military has been a stakeholder in Syria;s nuclear program since the 1970s, and Damascus has both openly and covertly sought the assistance of numerous parties, including the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), China, Russia, Iran, and North Korea to develop its nuclear program. Syria;s nuclear program has come under significant international damage since Israel;s September 2007 airstrike on Al-Kibar, where Israeli and U.S. officials allege Syria was constructing an undeclared plutonium production reactor with North Korean assistance. IAEA attempts to investigate the matter have been hindered by limited Syrian cooperation and the ongoing civil war. The IAEA has requested access to the SRR-1, a Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR), in Homs, and has repeatedly called for Syria to allow inspections of the Dair Alzour site and suspicious sites near the towns of Maysaf, Marjas-Sultan, and Iskandariyah.
In February 2013, the Syrian government lost control of the Dair Alzour site to the Free Syrian Army. The Islamic State (IS) reportedly took control of the site from the Free Syrian Army in the summer of 2014. As of June 2015, there are a lot of reports, that have yet to be confirmed as truthful, that the (IS) is excavating the site in an attempt to find radioactive materials. No one know exactly where Syria;s huge supply of uranium comes from, but people of the IS know for sure that it is no where near the Dair Alzour site or in the hands of the Islamic State.
Before the civil war in 2011, President Bashar al-Assad;s regime and a multifaceted opposition, analysts identified a number of factors that may have motivated Syria to pursue a covert nuclear weapons program in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Such factors included Syria;s adversarial relationship with neighboring Israel, the U.S. military presence in the region, and a perceived need to bolster regime legitimacy during a period of transition from Hafez al-Assad to his son Bashar al-Assad. Due to the crippling effects of the ongoing civil war, however, it is highly unlikely that Syria currently has an active nuclear weapons program, however on January 9, 2015, reports alleged that Syria is still trying to develop nuclear weapons. According to \secret information\ obtained by Spiegel Online, Syria has an underground nuclear facility near the town of al-Qasyr close to the Lebanese border. Assad and his forces are relying on a strategy in Aleppo that;s worked before, in places such as Homs: starve out a neighborhood under the control of the opposition; make life unbearable; use warplanes including those of its ally Russia to drop bombs on the area; allow an escape route for civilians;and then kill those who remain. For 275,000 people in rebel-held eastern Aleppo that has been the stark reality since Assad launched his new offensive last Thursday. The United Nations says at least 200 civilians have been killed since then. But since the conflict began in 2011, world powers have struggled to bring opposition groups (which have been unorganized and often do not speak with the same voice) into the same room as the Syrian government for negotiations. A chief demand of the opposition is that Assad cannot be part of talks aimed at a political transition in Syria.But Assad;s recent success on the battlefield which comes in large part because of Russia;s support has given the Syrian president an upper hand against the opposition as the country;s future is discussed.
An example of a huge worldly problem would be a violation of the 1925 Geneva Protocol and against the Chemical Weapons Convention, and then if the whole Syrian government used chemical weapons and started killing off huge amounts of people. If that was to happen it would be a huge violation of the international law and other countries would question what they could do in their own lands.
Some people think that if the United States government steps in and takes control by firing missiles into Syria that will solve everything. That is a very costly scenario that would probably destroy Syria;s government when it;s already not doing very good, but it would rid of their nuclear weapons and their civil war that is going on in their country because that;s why they hold on to the weapons in the first place. Also, if the United States military stepped that would bring a lot of death, hurt the relationship that the United States and Syria have, and also infuriate most of the Middle East, which will bring in even more death.
In previous years, many people loved to see the United States jump to rescue, save, or fight and always show off their military forces around the world. The United States is looked at as the worlds police, but also looked at as the worlds bully. Eventually nobody will help the United States when their world suffers. as a uniquely virtuous country the savior of the world or, at least, the world’s policeman.
Some view the unilateral employment of the United States military power, is sometimes very unsustainable. Everyone knows that just one country can;t control the world no matter how hard they try and even the United States does not have the strength to control the world.
The United Nations is sometimes considered very weak because before, during, and after 1945 all the so called “great powers” made these policies to rid of nuclear weapons and felt that after they were created the support would be there fully. Unfortunately, the United Nations could never seem to get the strong military countries to back them up as much and that caused the United Nations to not fully enforce their international law and other things they would want to fix or enhance. That doesn;t mean countries with strong military forces can just ignore the United Nations and countries that try to ignore the United Nations fail to realize that if they would support the world would be more together and stronger and it would more peaceful for all.
The Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, one of the world;s biggest peace organizations, made a proposal for United Nation inspectors to have the power to finish their full investigation on whether chemical weapons were used in Syria and when exactly did they use them. Still like I;ve stated previously their is a United Nation Security Council resolution which gives the United Nations their power to takeover and secure any chemical weapons from countries looking to create war. A country you wouldn;t expect to support that resolution is Russia. Now Russia does side with Syria on some issues, but they have mostly always supported prohibiting nuclear weapons. Also the Security Council could bring the issue of Syria testing chemical weapons to the International Criminal Court, and the court would further mess up their government and possibly have the country fall due to tests. The last thing the United Nations could do is have a peaceful conference that would bring everyone together to negotiate a better alternative, or solution, to the problem.
No one knows if that plan will work out effectively. It seems like the best idea to fix the enforcement of international law and the decrease the peaceful settlement to the war in Syria as throwing more bombs at the world. Finally, it;s a great idea because the military service would not try to start wars with other nations or have nations come to Syria for war and that would violate their international law.
This means nations would have to kind of be laissez faire in Syria;s affairs and give them more power to govern themselves. Syria has to stop sending their military forces to other lands and give back sovereignty to the United Nations, because they did promise the United Nations that in 1945.