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The steps involved in wool production are as follows.

Wool is a textile fiber obtained from sheep and some other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.

Wool fibre is a highly organized structure whose main histological components include the cuticle, cortex and medulla. Wool fibre is a natural fibre and its characteristics such as diameter, crimps and length are essential parameters of the wool trait, as well as important indicators of the spinning efficiency of the wool.

The steps involved in wool production are as follows.

Wool fibres are obtained from sheep, goat, angora rabbits, goats, alpaca and even camels.

A summary of the conversion of fleece into wool fabrics is shown below.

Wool is the most durable fibre because it has a natural crimp which helps it to maintain its shape. Wrinkles may vanish when the robe or cloth is steamed. Good wool is very soft and hardy; weak wool is rough. If you buy a wool cloth, catch a handful of it to assess its consistency.

Wool is made from follicles found in the skin, which are tiny cells. These follicles are located in the top layer of the skin called the epidermis and press down into the second layer of skin called the dermis as the fibres of the wool expand.

Wool is a stock of completely natural fibre. Every year sheep grow a new fleece after shearing, which can be shorn off the following year again. Natural fabrics, for example fur, are completely biodegradable. Wool is a naturally occurring protein, similar to that found in human hair.

The different steps for turning fibres into wool are as follows: Shearing: the sheep’s fleece is separated from its body along with a thin layer of skin. Scouring: The hair-sheared skin is washed vigorously in tanks to absorb oil, dust and soil. The fibres are straightened into yarn, combed, and rolled.

Merino, which comes from the sheep of Merino, is the best and softest wool of sheep. It is the most common breed of sheep used for clothing and provides the most luxurious wool, famous for its fine staples at about 20-25 microns in diameter. Superfine merino can sometimes be as small as 17 microns and have a soft hand feel.

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