Important Questions Class 12 Geography Fundamentals Human Geography Chapter 8 Transport Communication
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Ch-08 Transport and communication
Very Short Answer Questions Q-1 What is a trans-continental railways ? Ans. Transcontinental railways run across the continent and link its two ends. i.e Trans Saibarian Railway. Q-2 What do you mean by technological park ? Ans. Technological clustering of knowledge based activities which are oriented with science and technology i.e. software and micro electronics industries . Q-3 Which is an important inland waterway in north America ? Write two main features of this inland waterway . Ans. The great lakes –St. lawrance waterways is an important inland waterway in North America. Q-4 Which major ports are linked by the north pacific ocean route ? Ans. North pacific oceanic route joins vancauvar ,san francisco,Portland at the west of North America and Yakohama,Kobe,Shanghai,Manila in Asia. Q-5 What is internet ? Ans. Internet is the world wide web means the electronic digital word for communicating or accessing information over computer networks without physical movement of the sender and the receiver. Q-6 Which is the famous pipeline of U.S.A. state one advantage of pipeline transportation. Ans. Big –Inch is the famous pipeline of U.S.A. Short Answer Questions: – Q-1 Distinguish between transport and communication. Ans – Transport – The transport of men and goods from one place to another. Ex: Railway, air routes, waterways. Primitive method – Bullock-cart etc.… They move by petrol, diesel or electric power. Communication – They convey our views and news from one place to another. Examples – Post and telegraph and telephone services. No primitive method – Means of transport were the means of communication. – They work by electric waves. Q-2 Study the map given below and answer the question that follow: – 1. Name the two ports in the map by No.1 and 2 2. Name the two seas connected by the canal shown in the map. 3. Name the lakes shown by A and C.
Ans 1.– No. 1 stands for port saed and No. 2 stands for suez, Ans 2 – Mediteranean sea in the north and Red sea in the south. Ans 3 – – Lake Little Bitter at ‘A’ – Lake Timsa at ‘C’ Q3- Air transport becoming more popular in the world day by day in spite of its high cost, Why ? Ans – The air transport becoming more popular in the world day by day in spite its highest cost because of the following reasons – – This is the outstanding means of transport for long distances & a time saver – Airplanes take off as per their scheduled time table. – Costly and perishable goods can be sent to the destination within no time. – It is very well accessible to undulating areas, marshy land and forested areas.
Long Answer Questions Q-1 Study the following map and answer the questions given below.
Name the railway line shown in this map. Ans- (i) Trans-Siberian Railway In which country does this railway line lie? Ans – (ii) Soviet Russia Name the stations in the map as A & B? Ans – ‘A’ Mosco, ‘B’ Chita Q2- Transport & communication services are called the life line of a country, Explain. Ans – (i) Transportation of goods and passengers. (ii) Supply of row material, labour and energy resources to the industries 48 (iii) Transportation of products to the markets and ultimately to the consumers (iv) Means of transportation are creating the scope for jobs. (v) Communication network like post & telegram, fax, telephone, Newspapers are proving rapid means of communication. (vi) Facilitative for first hand and spontaneous information. (vii) Means of communication are complementary to the means of transportation. Hence it is true that the means of transportation and communication is the life line of a country
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