Important Questions Class 12 Geography Fundamentals Human Geography Chapter 3 Population Composition
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Very Short Answer Questions Q.1. What does the Theory of Demographic Transition tell us? Ans. Demographic transition theory can be used to describe and predict the future population of any area/country/world. Q.2 What is the synthesis of Thomas Malthus. Theory (1793) of population? Ans. The number of people would increase faster than the food supply. Q.3 What is the product of cause and consequence of literacy? Ans. The level of economic development. Q.4 Research and developing ideas are put to which category of economic activities? Ans. Quaternary activities.
Short Answer Questions Q.5 Under what discrimination the sex ratio is bounced to be unfavorable to women? Ans. (i) The practice female foeticide. (ii) The practice female infanticide. (iii) Domestic violence against women. (iv) Lower socio economic status.
Long Answer Questions Q.6 Below is drawn the age sex composition of India. Identify by the study of age pyramid and answer the questions mentioned below to understand the demographic transition of India. 1. In your opinion India belongs to which stage of demographic. Transition? 2. Explain the general characteristics of population of this stage?
Ans. 1. India seems to reach second stage as is clear from the direct lines of the pyramid. The characteristics of such pyramid are as under broad base shows the high birth rate and increase in life expectancy. 2. (a) Broad base due to high birth rate. (b) Decrease in infant mortility rate and death rate in general. (c) Some increase in life expectancy. (d) Percentage of child population is less but their number is more. (e) Large population in future will reach in fertility period.
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