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Balanced Diet-Nutrients and Deficiency Diseases

Balanced Diet-Nutrients and Deficiency Diseases

Balanced Diet-Nutrients and Deficiency Diseases

A diet, which comprises adequate amounts of necessary nutrients required for a healthy growth and development of our body. A balanced diet includes both sufficient and nutritious food to ensure good health.

A normal balanced diet contains sufficient amount of fiber and the other nutrients provide the appropriate amount of energy and adequate amounts of water.

Importance and objectives of balanced diet

A balanced diet covers different food types in the right amounts to stay healthy. It is essential for healthy body, healthy mind. Just by eating a single food would not provide all essential nutrients. As per the nutritionist advice, normal balanced diet is essential for maintaining good health and a sensible body weight. Improper diet results in poor development of a body with malnourishment and over diet leads to weight, diabetes, obesity and other diet related diseases.

The main objectives of the balanced diet include:

According to the department of nutrition and food science, nutrients are divided into two groups:

Micro nutrients – Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are classified as micro nutrients

Macronutrients –Vitamins (A, B, C, D, E, and K) Water and other minerals – calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, selenium, zinc, etc. are classified as macronutrients.

Both nutrients are important for the overall good health. An imbalanced diet may either lead to the excess or inadequate intake of a nutrient. Insufficient intake of a particular nutrient leads to the certain deficiency disease.

Let’s have a glance about each nutrient in detail.

Carbohydrates are the vital source nutrients which provide energy for our body. Glucose/blood sugar produced by converting the carbohydrates is utilized as a source of energy for the cells, tissues, tissues organs.

Fats are considered as the most concentrated source of energy. Fats belong to a group of elements called lipids. There are two types of fats – saturated fats (bad fats) and unsaturated fats (good fats).

They are the building blocks of our body as they provide metabolism and strength to our body. Proteins are large biomolecules involved in functioning and regulating of our body cells, tissues and organs. They are made of smaller units of amino acids.

Vitamins are the organic compound, which helps in performing biological functions of a living organism. It is a vital nutrient that should be included in our daily diet in a required quantity. Vitamins are categorized into two types based on their solubility.

Fat-soluble (A, D, E, and K) and Water soluble Vitamin (C and B)

Calcium is the most abundantly found mineral in our body when compared to other minerals. It is an essential nutrient, which is necessary for the development and maintenance of strong bones and teeth. It also helps in the normal functioning of the heart, nerves, muscles, and other body systems. Calcium’s role in bone formation takes place in a process called “bone mineralization”. The formation of bones is by the combination of the mineral complex – calcium phosphate, which provides more strength, structure, and density of the bones.