1 Mark Questions Question 1.

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Question 14. The distribution of roads in India is not uniform. Examine the statement by giving three reasons, (HOTS; AM India 2014) OR “The density and quality of roads are better in plains as compared to other regions in India”. Support the statement with examples. (HOTS; All India 2009) Answer: The distribution of roads in India is not uniform. Reasons behind this uneven distribution of roads are:

Question 15. Describe any three advantages of pipelines as a means of transport in India. (All indin 2014) Answer: Advantages of pipelines as a means of transport in India are as follows:

Question 16. What are the three categories to the track of Indian railways? Write any one feature of each. (Delhi 2010) OR What are the three categories of Indian Railways on the basis of the width of a track? Write the main feature of each category. All India 2008 Answer: Indian railways have been divided into three categories on the basis of the width of the track: Broad Gauge In broad gauge, the distance between rails is 1.676 metres. Characteristics of the broad gauge are:

Metre Gauge In metre gauge, the distance between the rail is one metre. Characteristics of metre gauge are:

Narrow Gauge In narrow gauge, the distance between the rails in 0.762 metres. Characteristics of the narrow gauge are:

Question 17. Which are the two types of roads included under the category of ‘other roads’ in India? Write any two features of each. (Delhi 2010) Answer: Border roads and International Highways are included under the category of ‘Other Roads’ in India. These are described below: Border Roads These are strategically important roads along the Northern and North- Eastern boundary of the country. Characteristics of border roads are as follows:

International Highway These are roads which connect India to neighbouring countries. Characteristics of International highways are as follows:

Question 18. Write any six characteristics of road transport in India. (Delhi 2009) Answer: Characteristics of road transport in India are as follows:

Question 19. Which is the most effective and advanced personal communication system in India? Explain any four characteristics of it. (Delhi 2009) Answer: The most effective and advanced personal communication system in India is the internet. It has the following characteristics:

Question 20. Mention any six advantages of oceanic routes. (Delhi 2009) Answer: Following are the advantages of oceanic routes:

Question 21. Why is the Indian railway system divided into sixteen zones? Name the headquarters of Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern zones. (All Indin 2009) Answer: India has one of the longest railway networks in the world. Indian railways are the largest government undertaking in India. The Indian railway network is 64460 km long. To reduce the pressure of this large size railway from a centralised railway system, the Indian railway system has been divided into sixteen zones. The headquarters of Eastern railway is Kolkata, the Western railway is Mumbai (Church gate), Northern railway is New Delhi and Southern railway is Chennai. Question 22. Describe any three characteristics of State Highways of India. (All India 2008) Answer: Three characteristics of state highways of India are as follows:

5 Marks Questions Question 23. Why is the distribution of roads not uniform in India? Explain with examples. (Delhi 2016) OR ‘The distribution of roads is not uniform in India.’ Support this statement with suitable arguments. (HOTS: Delhi 2015) OR Explain With five suitable examples, how the level of economic development and nature of terrain affect the density of roads in India. (Delhi 2013) Answer: Nature of terrain and level of economic development affect the density of roads in the following ways:

Question 24. Which is the apex body in India to improve the quality of National Highways? Examine the significance of National Highways. (All India 2016) Answer: The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is the nodal agency responsible for building, upgrading and maintaining most of the national highways network. It operates under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. The significance of National Highways can be examined through the following points:

Question 25. Examine the role of Inland Waterways Authority of India. OR Explain why inland water transport is an important mode of transport. (All Indio 2015) Answer: The role of Inland Waterways Authority of India can be understood through the following points:

Importance of inland water transport of India are:

Question 26. “Indian railways brought people of diverse .cultures together.” Support this statement with suitable examples. (HOTS; All Indio 2015) Answer: Following points can explain the given statement:

Question 27. What are National Highways? Explain any four uses of National Highways in India. (Delhi 2013) Answer: The main roads which are constructed and maintained by the central government are known as the National Highways. The main uses of National Highways are given below: