When the production of blood is interrupted it often gives rise to blood cancer.
The stem cells present in bone marrow develop into three distinct blood cells, namely, platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells. When the production of blood is interrupted it often gives rise to blood cancer. With that knowledge, let’s move along to find out more about blood cancer symptoms, blood cancer reasons and other vital factors of this disease.
Hematologic cancer or blood cancer develops when the blood cells and bone marrow of a person get affected. It directly hampers the production and functioning of these cells and subsequently leads to abnormal growth of cancer cells. With that being said, let’s learn about different types of blood cancer.
Typically, there are three types of blood cancer, namely – leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma. Read along to gain valuable insight about them in brief.
This type of blood cancer tends to affect the WBCs or leukocytes along with the bone marrow and hampers its ability to produce blood platelets and RBCs. It occurs when a body produces abnormal blood cells rapidly. It is further divided into 4 types, namely – acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, acute myeloid leukaemia, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and chronic myeloid leukaemia.
Lymphoma affects the lymphatic system and its ability to fight against infectious diseases. It is the abnormal lymphocytes of WBCs which become lymphoma cells and grow uncontrollably in lymph nodes and tissues. Typically, there are two types of lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and they affect the bone marrow, blood cells and spleen.
Plasma cells produce disease-fighting antibodies. Notably, in myeloma, the production of plasma cells gets hampered, and as a result, the immune system starts to weaken. It directly makes the body prone to several infections and diseases. [Image will be updated soon] Test Your Knowledge: How blood cancer is caused in each of these cases? a) Leukaemia b) Lymphoma c) Myeloma. [Image will be updated soon]
Some of the most common blood cancer symptoms are as follows –
Test Your Knowledge: Which of these is the red blood cell?
Though the specific causes of blood cancer are still unknown, several factors have been closely associated with its occurrence. Some of the prominent factors include –
The treatment of blood cancer focuses on the eradication of the disease. Notably, the procedure tends to vary from patient to patients and depend on factors like age. Type of cancer and its severity are also taken into consideration. Following are some therapies which are extensively used for treatment –
Find out more about blood cancer by joining our learning portal online and gain a better idea of how blood cancer occurs. Also, by accessing our study solutions, you will become more familiar with the prominent blood cancer reasons and other associated topics.
Ans. There is no specific cause as to how blood cancer occurs. However, age, weak immune system, infection and hereditary factors are believed to be among the prominent causes.
Ans. Blood cancer symptoms include fatigue, easy bruising, recurrent fever and infection, shortness of breath, delirium and confusion and bleeding gums. Also, brittle bones, weight loss, enlargement of lymph nodes and abdominal pain are among the prominent symptoms of blood cancer.
Ans. In a broader sense, there are three types of blood cancer – leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma.
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