What are Plants?
What are Plants? Plants are the multicellular, photosynthetic, eukaryotes, which are grouped into a separate kingdom of Plantae. A well-defined cell and its specialized organs, as do animal plants, which are mainly associated with their cellular functions. The only living species that can manufacture their own food are plants, and this is mainly because of the presence of specialized structures in the plant cell. Different types of plants can be seen by us in our garden, few are small, tiny, short, big trees with colourful flowers and fruits. There are different types of plants which are classified into their own categories. Parts of Plants A plant is divided into two main parts: Root system and the Shoot system. Root System: A root system is the underground part of the plant’s body, which constitutes the major part of the plant, roots, which is mainly grown downwards into the soil. These roots usually have a root cap at its tip and root hairs. The main functions of roots are:
Shoot System: The aerial part of the plant is the shoot system, which usually develops above the ground level. In this stem, leaves, buds, flowers, fruits, and seeds are included. Stems: Stems are the long, supportive axis of plants. Stems are tender, strong or woody as in trees or thin and green like herbs. It is the central axis of the plants. Functions of stem include:
Leaves: Leaves are the most crucial part of the shoot system. They are also called as the food factory of the plants. Functions of leaves include:
Flowers: The most colourful part of a plant is flowers. It is also called the reproductive part of a plant as it carries the reproductive organs. The main functions of the flower are:
Fruits: In the shoot system fruits are also a part, which holds seeds within them. Fruits are developed from the ovaries in the flowers of the plants. The main functions of fruits are:
Classification of plants Plants are classified into several types and their classifications are based on: Based on the Reproduction Plants are classified into, based on the production of flowers, fruits, and seeds:
Based on their Life Cycle Based on these criteria, plants are classified into:
Based on their Growth Habitats Based on their height and other growing habitats plants are also classified:
Because the leaves are full of chemicals that are green, the leaves of most plants are green. Chlorophyll is the important chemical which makes it green, and it allows plants to make food so they can grow using water, air, and light from the sun. So the green chemical chlorophyll is really important.
Not only plants, but also all living things, have basic needs that must be met for them to survive. Light, air, water, a source of nutrition, space to live and grow and optimal temperature are included in their basic needs. For the faster growth of plants, unflavored soda water is good. By the presence of sugar, the benefits of the carbonation and minerals in soda water may be negated.