We will also understand the difference between hormone and enzyme, along with its features.
To maintain, control, manage, and direct every physiological and anatomical function of the body, it requires the action of certain chemicals. From digesting the food eaten to helping in deep sleep, these chemicals called hormones and enzymes have a significant part in a human’s day – to – day – life. We are about to look at the 2 important categories of these bodily chemicals, namely enzymes and hormones, with examples. We will also understand the difference between hormone and enzyme, along with its features.
Enzymes are a type of catalyst that helps in processing a bodily reaction. This means enzymes do not change in their form or function but instead helps to increase the rate of a particular reaction. Enzymes are produced in the Exocrine glands such as sweat and saliva. Trypsin, amylase, maltase are some of the other examples of enzymes. On the other hand, hormones are chemical messengers that trigger the reaction to occur. Hormones are varied in their form, and some of the prominent ones include steroids, amino acids, and even a few protein structures. Body hormones process the pituitary and thyroid glands from the endocrine glands. Hormones and enzymes are also present in plants and animals, but the secretion and purpose vary in both. One of the key features that differentiate hormones from enzymes lies in their chemical composition. Some of the other contrasting features in a hormone vs enzyme include the following.
The rate of processing and the way a function is controlled are both important. Hormones and enzymes play their roles in the same and are equally significant to the proper development and functioning of the body. From triggering and processing to correctly handling and sending messages for a chemical reaction, enzymes and hormones are critical to human living and existence.
Biological catalysts that do not change itself but act as a catalyst to a bodily reaction are called enzymes. Lipase is an example of the same.
Hormones are protein or amino acid molecules that trigger a specific reaction and send genetic messages to begin. Example of a hormone is Melatonin that is regulated in circadian sleep rhythm.
Enzymes and hormones majorly differ in their chemical composition. This chemical make-up changes after use in hormones but remains the same in enzymes.
Protease enzymes can be derived from food products such as meat, eggs, fish, poultry, nuts and cheese.
Yes. apart from age, hormones are affected by external factors such as pregnancy (gestation), radiative environment, certain medical conditions, herbal supplements, prescribed drugs and so on.
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