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We can get species-area relationships with the study of biodiversity.

Several patterns of biodiversity can occur within various species, communities, regions, habitats, biomes, ecosystems and the entire Earth. We can get species-area relationships with the study of biodiversity. 

It is the variety in organisms (plants/animals/microorganisms) that are found at every level of biological organization in the environment. Ecologists have studied and observed a regular pattern in which diversity was distributed over the environment. Ecologists observed that species vary at global level as well as locally; also, species vary over time.

Where, S is species richness/evenness. C is a constant. Z is regression coefficient or slope of the curve (can be understood with the help of a graph drawn below). A is Explored or Particular Area. (image will be uploaded soon)

Ans. We can find it with the help of an equation: Log S= Log C + Z Log A Where, S is the species, C is constant, A signifies the area. It helps to predict the number of species found in a particular area or region. A rough estimation is found to know the number of species.

Ans. Biodiversity pattern in species is understanding that the number of species found on Earth vary globally, locally as well as with time. Many variations can be present within species, biomes, ecosystems and a particular area.

Ans. The two important concepts that help us understand the pattern of biodiversity in Science are:

Ans. The four biodiversity hotspots in India include Eastern Himalayas, Western Ghats, Western Himalayas and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.