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We all know health is wealth.

We all know health is wealth. We all keep talking about being healthy and fit. When we talk about being healthy, some of us even take it as not being thin or fat. However, today, health is an all-inclusive term. Being healthy refers to a state of complete emotional and physical well-being. It also means that healthcare exists to maintain human health and diseases. We, as human beings, have to follow some guidelines to maintain optimal health. Here, we shall talk about human diseases, the steps, and measures that we can take to maintain good health, diet, exercises, etc. Health is a feel-good, positive concept. It emphasizes or lays importance on resources for everyday life. It is about social, personal, as well as physical capacities. From our childhood, we have been taught to wash our hands after going to the toilet, before and after eating food, taking a daily bath, etc. Today, health and fitness cover the social and emotional aspects also. A healthy lifestyle means to lead a full life with meaning and purpose.

Studies define health as the ability of a body to adapt to new threats, weakness, disabilities, infirmity, and illness. This definition of health revolves around the innovations that the past few decades have seen. Modern science, as you know, takes significant strides in disease awareness by understanding how they attach humans, discover ways to slow or stop them, and acknowledge the importance of pathology and diagnosis. Like there is no substitute for hard work, there is no replacement for good health. If we try and connect the two, it means that we have to work to maintain good health. It helps if we have substantial knowledge on how to maintain health in excellent condition. Apart from doctors’ advice, we can adopt some measures like a balanced diet, no smoking or alcohol, hygiene, exercises, etc. Here is a list of actions that we can follow to keep healthy. 1 – Use soap and water to wash hands. 2 – Have a diet with foods rich in carbohydrates. 3 – Include unsaturated fats in the diet. 4 – Have plenty of fruits and vegetables. 5 – Reduce the intake of salt and sugar. 6 – Drink plenty of fluids. 7 – Maintain good body weight. 8 – Exercise on a regular basis. [Fig.1- Image Will be Uploaded Soon]

Maintaining good physical and mental health can be a challenging task. As you know, we must give health a priority. The journey towards good health is like going on a battle. If you are well prepared, then you can undoubtedly win the battle. Now, the struggle here is with diseases. Good health requires all of us to make some efforts. It is important to understand that the mind and the body help you pass each day nicely. You rely on your body for all the physical actions. You rely on your mind for all the decisions. You must move in the right direction and make the right decisions. For this, you need to have a healthy body as well as a healthy mind. Here is an outline of why it is important to maintain good health. 1 – To reduce stress and improve mood. 2 – Improve cardiovascular health 3 – Boost energy levels over time 4 – Maintain weight loss 5 – Increase physical strength 6 – Fight off and prevent diseases.

You must be aware that in the past, the meaning of heath was the absence of disease.  Today, health is more about physical and mental wellbeing. Some factors work together to affect physical and psychological health. We can call a condition any disorder that affects health by affecting organs, tissues, or cells within the body of living beings. Diseases can be classified into two types of diseases: 1 – Communicable Disease Infectious disease is illnesses that result from direct infections by microorganisms known as pathogens. Such diseases are contagious among individuals. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa cause diseases that spread between organisms. Common examples of communicable diseases are Influenza, contracted by inhaling infected droplets containing the virus. Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted bacterial infection. Malaria, a protozoan infection spread by infected mosquito bites. [Fig.2- Image Will be Uploaded Soon] 2 – Non-Communicable Diseases  Non-communicable diseases are illnesses that are not transferred between people or other organisms. Such types of diseases are a result of unhealthy habits and lifestyles. Sometimes, it is also a result of genetic disposition or family history. Common examples of non-communicable diseases are a cardiovascular disease.

Q1. How Can You Prevent Communicable Diseases?  Ans: 1 – By washing hands properly, using clean vessels, and cleaning surfaces when preparing any food, especially raw meat. Always wash fruits and vegetables. Cook and keep foods at proper temperatures and refrigerate. 2 – Clean and disinfect common surfaces. Germs can live on surfaces. Clean with soap and water. Disinfect your bathroom and kitchen regularly. Disinfect all the areas if someone in the house is ill. 3 – Avoid sharing personal items. 4 – Vaccines can prevent many infectious diseases. Sneeze and cough in your sleeves, and stay home when sick. Sanitize and wash your hands to keep away infectious diseases such as COVID-19. Q2. What is the difference between Bacteria and Viruses? Ans: Bacterial infections are caused by bacteria, while viruses cause viral infections. Both require medical interventions since both may cause fever and irritability, and the treatments vary significantly. Bacteria are single-celled, living organisms. They have a cell wall and all the components necessary to survive and reproduce, although some may derive energy from other sources. Viruses are not considered to be living because they require a host cell to survive long-term, for energy, and to reproduce. Viral infections need a host to thrive and they multiply by attaching to cells. Viruses are more dangerous as they cause diseases. To fight bacterial infections antibiotics are used, but antibiotics are ineffective against viral infections.

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