Water is one of the most important renewable resources found on earth.
Water is one of the most important renewable resources found on earth. It, along with food and oxygen, is one of the most basic necessities of almost all lifeforms. Our biological processes are dependent on water. Approximately 60% of our body consists of water. In our day-to-day life too, we need water for a number of households uses apart from drinking; we perform tasks like washing clothes and utensils, taking a bath and cleaning our home, etc. We cannot imagine our life without water or with a shortage of water. Although water is a renewable resource; thereby, it cannot be completely exhausted from the earth, using too much of it or unwisely can have many nasty effects on our livelihood.
Water is perhaps the most abundant resource found on earth; nearly 71% of the surface of the earth is covered by water. There are various water bodies like the ocean, rivers, ponds, lakes, and oasis. Most of the reservoir of water, i.e., 97% is in the ocean, 2% is in glaciers and icebergs, and the remaining 1% is in the inland water bodies like rivers, ponds, etc. Also, a minute fraction, i.e., 0.001% is in the atmosphere. Out of the total amount of water on the earth, only about 0.3% is suitable for human beings. There are various factors that render a source of water useless or even nuisance to us; e.g., water from the largest water body, i.e., the ocean is not useful for us due to the high salt content; the water is not useful for drinking, washing or any other activity. Water in the icebergs and glaciers is not practically easy to obtain for our consumption. Therefore, the small percentage of water, i.e., 0.3% may be too less for the consumption of the whole humankind; and it is important for us to use it sparingly. The population of human beings as of current statistics is a staggering 7.8 billion (780 crores). The increasing population is adding to the water crisis. Meeting the needs of water for everyone is getting more and more difficult. Besides, due to the exploding population, apart from the direct individual uses, other and indirect uses of water like for agricultural needs, are making it even more difficult to meet everybody’s water requirements. Things like global warming cause less rainfall every year; as a result, the useful sources of water are not fully restored. Wastage of water can further add to the scarcity of water. Some of the Important Ways of Water Conservation Conserving water is simpler than we think. It does not involve any extra effort but to cut down our use or to use water judiciously. Here are some methods as follows:
Water is one of the most vital resources for almost all lifeforms on earth. Lack of water in an organism can cause dehydration and prolonged dehydration can be fatal; therefore, we need to drink water after every few hours to keep ourselves hydrated. Just like oxygen and food, we need water for our everyday needs other than drinking. About 71% of the surface of the earth is covered with water; out of the total reservoir of water on earth, only 0.3% is suitable for human consumption; therefore, although water is the most abundant natural resource found on earth and also a renewable one, water that is suitable for human consumption is scarce. Besides, the booming population is adding to the scarcity of water. Hence, water conservation is necessary.
Water is one of the most important commodities we need on a daily basis. The growing scarcity of water, which is further intensified by the expanding population, is causing some problems for people in water scarcity-prone areas. The best way to resolve the problem is by cutting down on our daily use of water, wherever possible. Another thing we can do is repairing leakage and avoiding unwanted evaporation can help us greatly. Rainwater harvesting is a good way to increase our sources of water.
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