Viral diseases include:
Introduction To Viral Diseases Viruses are a type of microorganism which are very small infectious agents. DNA or RNA is the piece of genetic material that is enclosed in a protein coat and these lead to the formation of viruses. In the cells of the body, these viruses invade and use those cell’s components as they help them to multiply. Infected cells often get destroyed by this process and cause incredibly widespread infection which is called viral disease. Viral diseases are also considered contagious because when the virus enters the human body, it begins to multiply and it spreads from one person to the other. Viral diseases include:
Symptoms of Viral Diseases [Image will be Uploaded Soon] Viral disease symptoms vary on the basis of virus type, health history and age of the patient, body area infected, and other factors. Symptoms of viral diseases can include:
Serious Symptoms In some cases, viral diseases cause serious complications like pneumonia or even life-threatening conditions.
[Image will be Uploaded Soon] These diseases commonly affect either the upper or lower part of the body’s respiratory tract. Examples include common cold, influenza, SARS, etc. Transmission These Respiratory viruses are either transmitted through droplets generated by sneezing, coughing, or by close contact with contaminated objects. Treatment These infections mostly heal on their own. But some medications can be prescribed that help reduce symptoms like cough suppressants, Tamiflu (antiviral drug), Nasal decongestants, and pain relievers.
As the name suggests, these infections affect a human’s digestive tract. The viruses that cause the disease are mostly responsible for causing a condition called gastroenteritis, also named as the stomach flu and it is also termed to be contagious. For Example astrovirus, norovirus, rotavirus infections Transmission These diseases are spread due to contamination of water and food with feces or using personal objects and utensils of infectious persons. Treatment No treatment is available. It resolves on their own. Meanwhile, the person is advised to take plenty of fluids to make a balance of the loss due to vomiting or diarrhea.
These diseases are caused by Exanthematous viruses that are responsible for causing skin rashes. Most of the viruses of the category are highly contagious. For Example Rubella, Smallpox, Chickenpox, Measles. Transmission [Image will be Uploaded Soon] Most of the viruses are transmitted from the droplets generated through sneeze and cough of the infected persons. Many diseases like chickenpox and smallpox are spread through the contact of fluid present in the broken skin lesions and diseases like chikungunya are spread through the mosquito bite. [Image will be Uploaded Soon] Treatment It can be cured by managing symptoms. For Chickenpox, antiviral drugs like acyclovir are given to the patients. Some other fever-reducing medications like acetaminophen are also given to other diseases that come under this category.
Cutaneous Viral Diseases These diseases result in papules or lesions that stick on the skin either after disappearing for some time and then come back after a long time. Examples include genital warts, oral, and genital herpes. Hepatic Viral Diseases [Image will be Uploaded Soon] These results in affecting the liver by causing the inflammation of the liver. Some examples include hepatitis A, B, and C. No special treatment is available for a mild infection. Patients are advised to take proper rest and anti-inflammatories which helps in giving relief to the headache or pain and keeps them hydrated. Antiviral medications are also prescribed in some of the cases.
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The immune system of the body becomes weak
Whole-body particularly head, eyes, and joints
Pain in joints, muscles, head, and eyes
Intestine and backbone cells get destroyed, fever, body pain
Sneezing, suffocation, restlessness
Reddish eruption on the body, high fever
Bile eruption in the body, light fever
Difficulty in opening the mouth, high fever
Skin and eyes become yellow and urine too
Due to the severe headache and high fever, the patient becomes mad.