This kingdom is further classified into Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, and Monera.
The kingdom is the second-highest taxonomic rank just below domain and it is divided into smaller groups called phyla. This kingdom is further classified into Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, and Monera. The organisms were organized into five kingdoms by R.H.Whittaker on the basis of cell structure, mode, source of nutrition, and body design. The five-kingdom classification is followed by India. Kingdom Animalia contains all the animals and it is the largest among the five-kingdom classification. Kingdom Plantae consists of all the plants on the earth. Viruses are not made up of living cells so they do not belong to any particular kingdom.
Viruses do not come under any kingdom because they are submicroscopic infectious agents that replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses have an ability to infect all types of life forms like animals, plants, microorganisms including bacteria and archaea. These are found in almost every ecosystem on earth and are considered to be the most numerous type of biological entity. Virology is the study of viruses. (Image to be added soon)
The kingdom of Animalia is composed of all animals. It is considered to be one of the vast kingdoms from all the five kingdoms. These are multicellular eukaryotic organisms. These do not have a cell wall or chlorophyll like plants. The members of the animal kingdom have a heterotrophic mode of nutrition. The kingdom Animalia is classified into ten different subphyla based on their body design or differentiation which are as follows
This kingdom includes all the plants on the earth. These are multicellular, eukaryotes, and consist of a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane called the cell wall. These have a green-colored pigment called chlorophyll which is important for photosynthesis. The plant kingdom is also divided into five subgroups which are as follows
Viruses are the small parasites that cannot reproduce by themselves. Once they infect the susceptible cell then they can direct the cell machinery to produce more viruses. Viruses are made up of a core RNA or DNA as their genetic material which is surrounded by a protective coat called capsid is made up of protein. These have nucleic acid which may be single or double-stranded. The viruses are capable of latching onto the host cells and getting inside them. These viruses only exist to make more viruses. Before penetrating into the host cell the virus particle attacks it. (Image to be added soon)
By the process of photosynthesis, plants make their own food. Photosynthesis is a process to prepare food by converting light energy into chemical energy and by storing it in the form of starch which can be used later. This process is done with the help of carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight. During this process, light energy is captured and is used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. It occurs in the chloroplast which contains chlorophyll and it is the green pigment that absorbs light energy. The starch which is converted into glucose is converted into another compound for growth and reproduction. (Image to be added soon)
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It contains all eukaryotic photosynthetic organisms
It contains heterotrophic, eukaryotic, multicellular organisms
The organisms in this kingdom can prepare their own food
The organisms of this kingdom cannot prepare their own food
They do not depend on other organisms for food
These directly or indirectly depend on other organisms for food
These do not show alteration in generation
These show alteration in generation
They grow throughout their lifespan
These can grow up to a particular age only
Reproduction may be vegetative or by pollination of flowers
Reproduction by the population of males and females
Nutrition is done by absorption through roots
Holozoic mode of nutrition means direct ingestion of food