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This disease reduces the kidney’s ability to filter waste from blood.

Nephritis is a general term used to describe a group of diseases that cause swelling or inflammation of the glomerulus in the kidneys. This disease reduces the kidney’s ability to filter waste from blood. These two bean-shaped kidneys that humans have are a sophisticated waste removal system. Kidneys process 120 to 150 quarts of blood/day and remove up to 2 quarts of waste products and excess water. Acute nephritis is observed when the kidneys suddenly become inflamed. It has several causes and can lead to kidney failure if left untreated. Nephritis Meaning: Inflammation of kidneys due to infection or several other factors.

There are several causes behind nephritis. These can be due to infection or toxins, however, it is commonly caused by autoimmune disorders that affect the major organs like kidneys.

A summary of several types of nephritis are described below:

The Symptoms of Lupus Nephritis Include:

The disease does sometimes go into remission, the condition can become serious. It is vital for anyone experiencing symptoms of lupus nephritis to seek prompt medical attention to reduce kidney damage.

The most common symptoms of nephritis are:

Finding protein in the urine can indicate that the kidneys are not functioning properly. A blood test measuring a waste product in the blood called creatinine can also provide information on the health of the kidneys. Another important indicator is blood urea nitrogen. However, a biopsy is the most efficient way to check for nephritis. A renal biopsy involves testing an actual tissue sample from the kidney, this test isn’t performed on everyone. This test is performed if a person isn’t responding well to treatments, or if a doctor must definitively diagnose the condition. A CT scan or renal ultrasound can show a blockage or inflammation of the kidneys or urinary tract. (image will be uploaded soon)

There are several types of nephritis and each has different characteristics. The best course of treatment can only be decided after the nephritis has been correctly identified by examining the sample removed by a kidney biopsy. There are various types of nephritis which require observation but no treatment and rarely lead to long‐term kidney damage. Other people may need blood pressure medication. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have proven to be an effective treatment for both decreasing blood pressure and reducing the amount of protein in the urine. Reducing blood pressure and the amount of proteinuria is associated with improved outcomes. A diuretic is often prescribed as well. If kidney function is severely impaired dialysis may be needed.  

Q1: What are the Complications Associated with Nephritis? A: Acute nephritis if not well-treated can result in :

Q2: How can we Prevent Nephritis? A: There are several ways to prevent nephritis. These include:

Q3: What are Pyelonephritis and Glomerulonephritis? A:  Pyelonephritis:  Pyelonephritis is the inflammation of the kidney due to a bacterial infection. In most of the cases, the infection starts within the bladder and then migrates up the ureters and into the kidneys. Glomerulonephritis:  It is a type of acute nephritis where inflammation of the glomeruli takes place. The glomeruli are tiny capillaries that transport blood and also function as filtering units. Damaged and inflamed glomeruli may not be able to filter the blood properly. Q4: What are the Causes of Acute Nephritis? A: Please have a look at the nephritis causes section.

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