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They also play a crucial role in maintaining the immune system and other biological functions.

What are Vitamins and Minerals: Vitamin and minerals are important substances that our body needs to develop and function normally. Vitamins are important natural and essential micronutrients, they are required by the body in small amounts and play a major role in growth and development, they also help in the healing and repairing process. They also play a crucial role in maintaining the immune system and other biological functions. Whereas minerals are food elements present in our food that are required for proper growth and functioning of the body. They are not produced by the body in large amounts so they are taken from food sources in order to make strong bones and muscles. Vitamins: Vitamins are organic compounds required by the body in small amounts for metabolic activities of the body. They must be obtained from outside sources like diet, rumen or bacteria, etc. They also assist formation  hormones, blood vessels, nervous system chemicals and genetic material. Most of the time they act as a catalyst combining with protein to create metabolically active enzymes that are essential for the day to day life process. In some cases due to lack of enzymes many reactions slow down or cease. Vitamins are made up of different chemical nature, these chemicals are alcohols, aldehydes, organic acids, their derivatives and nucleotide derivatives. Classification of Vitamins: Vitamins are classified on the basis of their ability to absorbed in fat or water, they are:

Source and Function of Different Types of Vitamins:

Minerals: The human body requires varying amounts of minerals daily in order to build strong bones and muscles. It also helps to maintain various bodily functions. Therefore, we obtain these nutrients from eating foods rich in minerals. When the body does not receive enough minerals, certain nutritional deficiency diseases may arise. Goitre, Osteoporosis, Anaemia, Hypomagnesaemia, Diarrhoea are few examples of mineral deficiency diseases.   Sources of Minerals are: There are various food source from where we can get minerals, they are: Calcium

These vitamins are not stored in the body, therefore required daily in small amounts. Example:   Vitamin B complex, VitaminB1, VitaminB2, Vitamin B6, VitaminB12, folic acid and vitamin C are water soluble vitamins.

These vitamins are oily and hydrophobic compounds, they are mainly stored in the liver and not excreted out of the body. Bile salt and fats are needed for their absorption. Vitamins which comes under fat soluble vitamins are :

They are organic compounds obtained from animals and plants.

They are inorganic compounds obtained from earth.

They can be easily destroyable by heat, light, etc.

They cannot be easily destroyed by heat and  light.

They are classified as water soluble or fat soluble.

They are classified as macrominerals or microminerals.

All minerals are not needed by our body

Example are vitamin A,D, E, K, etc.

Example are Calcium, Phosphorus, etc.

They are organic compounds obtained from animals and plants.

They are inorganic compounds obtained from earth.

They can be easily destroyable by heat, light, etc.

They cannot be easily destroyed by heat and  light.

They are classified as water soluble or fat soluble.

They are classified as macrominerals or microminerals.

All minerals are not needed by our body

Example are vitamin A,D, E, K, etc.

Example are Calcium, Phosphorus, etc.