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The weight as per body weight is more in young animals, as it changes with age.

Introduction to Liver The liver is the largest gland in an animal or human body and viscera of the body. In the carnivorous, omnivorous, and herbivorous, different sizes of the liver can be observed, due to the difference of role in metabolism. The weight as per body weight is more in young animals, as it changes with age. In the fetal stage, the liver is derived from the endoderm epithelium on the ventral duodenum. The liver produces red and white blood cells during the fetal state. The main function of a liver is to produce bile and metabolism of protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Liver in the Human Body In humans, the liver is in the upper right corner of the body. It is situated just below the diaphragm and is tilted towards the body cavity. The right portion of the stomach is above the small intestine and the left portion is above the stomach. Structure of Liver In animals, the structure of the liver is similar to humans.

[Image will be Uploaded Soon] Liver Anatomy The anatomy of the liver is as follows

[Image will be Uploaded Soon] Liver Position in the Body In the majority of the animals, the liver is found underneath the diaphragm. Most of the blood which reaches the liver comes from the portal vein and due to heavy blood supply, the liver has a reddish color. The Function of the Liver in the Human Body The liver performs several activities in the human body. Some of the major functions of the liver are mentioned below:

Role of Liver The liver performs the filtration of blood which comes out from the digestive tract. In this process the liver also detoxifies the blood. The absorption of drugs in our body also occurs in this particular process. The liver secretes bile which is a very important aspect of fat metabolism. The liver makes protein for blood. Blood proteins are important as they help in the clotting of the blood as without the presence of blood proteins minor wounds could be fatal due to immense blood loss. Digestive Function of the Liver The liver makes bile juice which helps in the digestion process and also helps to carry out the waste materials. Liver stores the glucose and releases it as per the requirement of the body through the process of glycogenolysis. In glycogenolysis, glycogen breaks down to form glucose. The liver also helps to clear bilirubin. The liver produces cholesterol and protein to carry fat through the body. Diseases of Liver

According to the research Hepatitis C, diabetes along with obesity causes an increase in liver cancer cases. Obesity and metabolic syndrome are characterized by abdominal obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, or cholesterol. These are the risk factors for liver cancer. Excess consumption of alcohol leads to liver cirrhosis and it also causes liver cancer and in non-alcoholic people, metabolic syndrome may lead to ‘Steatohepatitis’. It is the deposition of fat in the liver and it also causes liver cancer. To date, no therapeutic interventions have been established to lower the risk of this disease as it has been observed recently.

There are various reasons for liver failure. Some of the important reasons are stated below.

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