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The weather conditions in a biome will further define the richness of species in that area.

Organisms And Their Environment Ecology can be defined as a study of the interaction of living beings with their environment in an area. This interaction makes us able to understand the overall adaptation of the living things in their environment, which is a part of the continuity of the species. However, the accessibility of living beings in an area depends on the type of environment that is there. It can be noticed that the availability of a particular species of organisms depends indirectly on several factors like average temperature conditions, annual rainfall, the position of the earth with respect to the sun, etc. These factors together comprise to form the existence of biomes like rainforests, deserts, grasslands, etc. The weather conditions in a biome will further define the richness of species in that area. [Image will be Uploaded Soon] Next, you will learn about the abiotic components in a biological community of interacting organisms. Abiotic Components in an Ecology

An organism can be considered as a contiguous living system which includes animals, plants, fungi, and archaeon. Organisms are capable of responding to homeostasis, reproduction, growth, and stimuli. The organisms that are made up of a single cell are called unicellular, and the organisms that are made up of multiple cells are called multicellular. A group of cells together forms a tissue. The four-basic type of tissues found in the animals is muscle tissue, nerve tissue connective tissue, and epithelium. The tissues then come together from different organs. The organs are known to perform specific functions. The cells are the basic unit of an organism, and they are responsible for carrying out metabolism, cell division, cell contents, and response to the internal and external stimuli. Adaptation of Organisms to Environment The living organisms are capable of adapting to the environment through a process known as biological variation. The adaptation process is different for different organisms, but their aim is the same, that is to adapt to the variation in the environment. Adaptation is especially important for the enhancement of the ability to survive. The behavior of the animals is an integral part of their adaptation process. Behavior includes the way they are built, and the way they behave to sustain in an environment. For example, the animals who live in the desert are known to retain water through their food or through the burrows in the earth to keep them hydrated. Population of Organisms       The population of a species of an organism depends on the density of that species in a particular area. A local population is the one that occupies a smaller area and is smaller in size. Meta-population is when the local population is closely related together. The population ecology is important as it links the ecology with evolution and population genetics. Attributes of Population The following are the attribute around the population:

Population Growth The population of a species depends on various factors like availability of food, weather, predation, and competition. The changes in the population density depend on the factors like natality, emigration, immigration, and the mortality rate.

Q1. What is an Ecosystem, and What is Ecology? Answer: The study of interactions between organisms and their environment is called ecology. In simple words, ecology is that branch of biology that pertains to the relationship between different organisms as well as with their surroundings. While an ecosystem is a system that is composed of the biotic and the abiotic factors that interact with each other in an environment. In simple words, an ecosystem defines a community of living organisms with non-living components of their surroundings. Q2. What is a Biome, and What is a Species? Answer: Biome is a prevailing ecosystem that constitutes the similar biotic and abiotic factors that are present in one or more regions of the planet. In simpler terms, a biome represents a naturally occurring community of flora and fauna, such as a forest while species is a part of a biome and a set of living beings that has the ability to cross among themselves and generate their fertile offspring, i.e., the living organisms that are capable of inbreeding because of them sharing similar characteristics.

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