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The time period varies from person to person and boy to girl.

Secondary sex characteristics are those characteristics which are dimorphic and are not directly involved in reproduction  For males, some examples of these characteristics are facial and chest hair, increased body hair, upper body muscular build, ability to generate muscle mass at a faster rate than the female etc. For females, secondary characteristics include menstrual cycle, lack of body hair and thicker hair on head etc. As males and females mature and reach adolescence secondary characteristics are developed and they are well observed. The time period varies from person to person and boy to girl.

Adolescence could be described as the transitional time period between puberty and adulthood in human development, extending mainly over the teenage years and completed legally when a certain age is reached. Generally, adolescence begins at the age of 12 and ends at the age of 18. There are three Stages of Adolescence:

Puberty can be explained as the range of physical changes through which a child’s body develops into an adult body that is capable of sexual reproduction. The start of puberty is initiated by hormonal signals from the brain to the gonads which are the testes in boys and ovaries in girls. In response, the gonads produce hormones that stimulate physical and mental development.

The characteristics of puberty are directly related to the development of secondary sexual characteristics in both males and females. These metal and physical changes during puberty males and females are briefly explained below two sections.

The physical changes in boys during puberty takes place due to increased secretion of testosterone. Some of the characters are:

Secondary sexual characters in females are seen due to the secretion of higher levels of oestrogen. These are:

Puberty is the process of physical changes by which adolescents reach sexual maturity, meaning that they become capable of reproduction. Puberty refers to the bodily changes, while adolescence refers to a period of both psychological and social transition between childhood and adulthood. In non-specialised discussion and writing, the meanings can be a bit confusing, and puberty can be referred to as the time during which the physical changes take place, getting a meaning closer to adolescence. Adolescence still comprises a typically longer time period whilst puberty is over when the young male or female’s body has fully transformed, while it takes some more time for him or her to be recognised as an adult. The criteria for the latter is somewhat arbitrary with the typical example being “having reached the age of majority or being emancipated” (the age of majority depending on the country of residence). Some people even talk of 20-something adolescents to refer to people who have not yet reached an autonomous state of living, while being of full legal age.

Q1. Write 5 characteristics of Adolescence. Ans. The 5 characteristics of adolescence are:

Q2. When does Adolescence end? Ans. As per recent studies, adolescence starts from the age of 10 and lasts until 24. This is due to delaying marriage and parenthood which leads to semi-dependency. Semi-dependency is a characteristic of adolescence. Q3. What are the signs of Puberty? Ans. In girls, the first sign of puberty is usually breast development and growth of hair under armpits and the pubic area. In boys, the signs are enlargement of testicles and genitals, followed by muscle growth, and hair growth in the pubic area and under the armpits.

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Adolescence can be referred to the period usually ranging between teenage years though not always

It can begin and end independently of adolescence.

Will always overlap puberty whilst remaining distinct.

It can be described in concrete physiological terms

It can be explained mostly in abstract psychological and sociological terms.