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The term Bryophyta came up from the word ‘Bryon’ which means mosses and phyton meaning plants.

The term Bryophyta came up from the word ‘Bryon’  which means mosses and phyton meaning plants. Bryophyta includes embryophytes like mosses, hornworts and liverworts. These are the plants that grow in shady and damp areas and are small in size. They lack vascular tissues. They reproduce through spores instead of producing flowers and seeds.The study of bryophytes is called Bryology.

Bryophytes are called “amphibians of the plant kingdom” because they’re the terrestrial plants but require water to finish their life cycle at the time of sexual reproduction.

According to the newest classification, Bryophyta is split into three classes:

Hepaticopsida is Further Divided into 4 Orders:

The Main Characteristics of the Class Hepaticopsida are:

Bryopsida is Further Divided Into 5 Classes:

Bryophytes consist of around 20,000 plant species. Bryophytes are divided into liverworts, mosses and hornworts. Some common examples are: Liverworts:

Bryophytes have great ecological importance. Mosses and lichens are the first organisms to colonise rocks.

Q1. What are Bryophytes? Ans – The term Bryophyta came up from the word ‘Bryon’  which means mosses and phyton meaning plants. Bryophyta includes embryophytes like mosses, hornworts and liverworts. These are the plants that grow in shady and damp areas and are small in size. They lack vascular tissues. They reproduce through spores instead of producing flowers and seeds.The study of bryophytes is called Bryology. Q2. Mention Some of the General Characteristics of Bryophytes. Ans – Some of the characteristics are :

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