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The properties or the characteristics of the genetic code are stated below:

The genetic code is the sequence of nucleotides, in ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid that determines the amino acid sequence of proteins. It is discussed using codons found in mRNA (the messenger RNA) that carries information from the DNA to the site of protein synthesis. The genetic code is largely invariant throughout the extent of all species, therefore, it is referred to as the canonical or universal genetic code. There are deviations in both cell organelle and nuclear genomes and they are known as non-canonical or deviant codes. These canonical codes are studies to find the origin and the evolution of the genetic code and the connection between certain mitochondrial diseases with mitochondrial code deviations and translational errors.

The properties or the characteristics of the genetic code are stated below:

The genetic code table shows the entire set of codons which code for particular amino acids. [Image will be updated soon]

The genetic code can be explained as a collection of rules used by all living cells in all organisms to translate information encoded within the genetic material into proteins. Translation or protein synthesis is accomplished by the ribosome, which links amino acids in an order which is specified by the mRNA, using tRNA molecules to carry amino acids and to read the mRNA codons at a time. The genetic code definition shows how codons or sequences of three nucleotides specify which amino acid will be added next during translation.

Some of the important features of the genetic code are:

Chain initiation codons: AUG and GUG codons are translation chain initiation codons in E.coli. They code for valine and methionine and occur immediately after the terminator codons. Chain termination codons: UAA, UAG, and UGA are termination codon as they do not code for any amino acid. They are also called stop codons Sense codons: 61 codons of the genetic code table are known as the sense codons. All of them code for particular amino acids. Non-sense codons: As UAA, UAG, and UGA do not code for any amino acid, they are also known as non-sense codons.

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