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The parathyroid glands are found in a pair on both the sides of the cricoid cartilage.

When there is an excess of parathyroid hormone produced in the patients, they are said to suffer from Hyperparathyroidism. The parathyroid glands are found in a pair on both the sides of the cricoid cartilage. They are small, almost the size of a pea and are fixed to the back of the thyroid gland.

The hormones produced by endocrine glands are essential for the regular operation of our bodies.

The parathyroid and thyroid glands are unlike organs, in spite of comparable terms and being adjacent to each other in the neck. The proportions of phosphorus, vitamin D, and calcium are regulated in our blood and bones by parathyroid hormone.

There are three types of hyperparathyroidism:

This syndrome is mainly caused when one of our parathyroid glands becomes overactive and secretes an excessive amount of hormone . Some of the reasons for parathyroid ailments include non-threatening tumours on the glands and swelling in the pair of the gland. This condition could also be caused due to cancerous tumours, which would be counted as exceptional situations.

This disorder is mainly observed when the calcium proportion in our body is dropped or reduced due to certain core ailments. Prolonged kidney illness also results in lowering Vitamin D and calcium, which results in secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Individuals with kidney ailments usually suffer from this syndrome. During tertiary hyperparathyroidism, the parathyroid gland becomes overactive and secretes an excessive amount of hormone despite the calcium proportions being normal.

Hyperparathyroidism may or may not show any symptoms. When symptoms appear, they are often mild, or extreme or even severe. Below are a few symptoms of this condition:

There are several tests and examinations available to conclude the symptoms as hyperparathyroidism. They include-

There are few treatments available for this syndrome. Few antithyroid and radioactive iodine medication is taken to control the overproduction of parathyroid hormone. In extreme cases, surgery is performed to remove the thyroid gland. Before treating a patient with hyperparathyroidism, it is more important to check the age of a patient, type and causes of this syndrome, and functioning of the gland.

There are certain safety measures to be followed to control or to reduce the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism, which include:

To know more about the thyroid gland and thyroid diet, visit StudySolver.

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