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The non-living components of the ecosystem include water, soil, atmosphere, temperature, etc.

An ecosystem is a system or a functional unit in the environment where living and nonliving components interact with each other. Thus, it can be defined as a community of living organisms and nonliving components living in conjunction with each other in the environment. The non-living components of the ecosystem include water, soil, atmosphere, temperature, etc. while living organisms have an internal hierarchy within an ecosystem. Within the living organisms are the producers, the consumers, and the decomposers. Their interactions with each other give rise to the food chain within an ecosystem. The ecosystem exists on the basis of the linking within the food chains and complex food webs. The non-living components support the living components by providing essential materials that are required for survival. This includes energy, air, water, etc. which are ultimately acquired as a result of various biological cycles.

Biomes are a community of living organisms that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in. They are formed as a result of the living organism’s response to the physical climate. A particular zone on Earth can be termed as a biome which is identified by a large-scale climate and vegetation characteristics.

Ans. An ecosystem is a system or a functional unit in the environment where living and nonliving components interact with each other. It is a community of living organisms and nonliving components living in conjunction with each other in the environment. Whereas, Biomes are a community of living organisms that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in. They are formed as a result of the living organism’s response to the physical climate. A particular zone on Earth can be termed as a biome which is identified by a large-scale climate and vegetation characteristics.

Ans. The factors that strongly influence biome are latitude and physical factors or climatic factors like rainfall, snow, temperature variations, etc. Though it remains unaffected of the interactions of its living organism or the living organism in a biome may or may not interact with each other at all. Which is completely opposite in an ecosystem.

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A biome is a different form of an ecosystem in which a large land area with a distinct climate and plants and animal species exist.

The ecosystem is an interaction of the living and non- living components in an environment.

It comprises a large geographical area covering a vast distance.

The geographical area is small and covers a smaller distance.

It is strongly influenced by climatic factors such as rainfall, ice, snow, temperature, etc.

It is not influenced by climatic factors.

It consists of multiple ecosystems.

An ecosystem is a biome with its biotic and abiotic factors.

It consists of a large number of plant and animal species.

It is smaller in size than a biome and it comprises lesser species of plants and animals.

All the organisms in a biome may or may not interact with each other.

All the organisms in an ecosystem interact with each other in various trophic levels and the food web.

It is not affected by the latitude.

Desert, grasslands, tundra, tropical rainforests, coniferous forests, etc. are the examples.

An ecosystem may be aquatic, coral reefs, etc.