The female reproductive system is the organ that is designed to perform several functions.
The female reproductive system is the organ that is designed to perform several functions. The female eggs called as ova or oocytes are produced by thee female productive system. The main function is to transport the ova to the site of fertilization. Fertilization of an egg with sperm occurs in fallopian tubes. This fertilization is known as conception.
Later this fertilized egg is implanted into the walls of uterus which is the initial stage of pregnancy. Unfertilized eggs in the female reproductive system undergo menstruation. The female sex hormones are also produced by this system which helps in regulating the reproductive cycle.
The female reproductive anatomy is divided into two parts: the external part, the internal part. The function of the external female reproductive structure called the genitals is for two reasons: (i) To allow the sperm enter the body and (ii) to protect the internal part from infectious organisms. The external parts of female reproductive system are:
The internal reproductive organs are:
The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of uterus or endometrium is termed as menstrual cycle. This menstrual cycle ceases when the egg is fertilized, and pregnancy begins. The menstrual cycle occurs in two phases: The follicular phase of the menstrual cycle and, The Ovulatory phase of menstrual cycle. The follicular phase is the first day of period. The following events occur during this follicular phase:
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