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The botanical name of cauliflower is Brassica oleracea var.

The botanical name of cauliflower is  Brassica oleracea var. botrytis.

True. Seeds are often crushed or broken.

Cauliflower is a flowering plant with leaves wrapped around its stem forming a “head”. The head is a white inflorescence meristem and is sometimes called a “curd”. It belongs to the genus  Brassica  and family  Brassicaceae,  or the mustards. There are four groups of cauliflowers cultivated worldwide – Italian, Northwest European Biennial, Northern European Annuals, and Asian. The most common kind of cauliflowers are white. Orange cauliflower contains beta carotene. Green cauliflowers are sometimes called broccoflower. Purple cauliflowers contain anthocyanins, which give them their purple colour.  

Mustard is a condiment made from the seeds of the mustard plant.

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Botanical Name:   Brassica oleracea var. botrytis