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Technically, both are related as they are part of the same organism.

Butterfly is the adult stage of the order Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) and caterpillar is the larval stage of the same order. Technically, both are related as they are part of the same organism. However, there are some obvious differences that we need to address between these two stages.

Difference Between Caterpillar and Butterfly

Larval stage of the order Lepidoptera

Adult stage of the order Lepidoptera

The abdomen has prolegs for locomotion

The abdomen has no legs, instead, 3 pairs of jointed legs are attached to the thorax

Butterflies have long antennae that end in clubs

Ocelli perform the function of eyes

Does not undergo metamorphosis at this stage