Since time immemorial, animals have been an integral part of agriculture.
With the ever-increasing population, the requirement of nutritious food has risen steeply across the world. Since time immemorial, animals have been an integral part of agriculture. They have been used to derive milk, meat, eggs, wool, silk, for labor, etc. As the animals are so crucial part of agriculture, they require proper care and management. According to some estimates, more than 70% of world’s total livestock population is in India and China. However, their contribution to the world farm produce is only 25%. This means that productivity per unit is very low. This led to the concept of animal husbandry where a more scientific approach to caring and breeding of farm animals is provided.
Animal husbandry is the science of caring and breeding of domestic animals and the development of genetic traits such as high yielding, disease resistance, etc. that are valuable to humanity. Animal husbandry involves breeding and raising livestock like buffaloes, cows, goats, camels, horses, sheep etc. and even extended to poultry farming and fisheries. Some of the salient practices of animal husbandry are as follows:-
This is a professional approach towards the conventional farm management practices which gives the boost to food production .
Another part of animal husbandry is animal breeding. Breeding of animals aims to develop high yielding animals and improve the desirable qualities of the produce.
Apart from conventional breeding techniques, controlled breeding experiments are conducted utilizing artificial insemination to yield the desired mating. To improve the chances of obtaining successful hybrids, programs like Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer Technology (MOET) are used.
Maintenance of hives of honeybees for the production of honey and beeswax is known as beekeeping or apiculture beekeeping . Honey is an age-old food of high nutritional value and is also used in traditional medicines across various cultures. Although it is not a labour-intensive practice, an idea of the following points is necessary for successful bee-keeping:-
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