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Roots are very important parts of a plant.

Roots are very important parts of a plant. They mainly provide anchorage and help in absorption and transport of nutrients from the soil. There are mainly two types of root systems. They are:

However, in some plants, roots perform additional functions such as storage of food and support to weak stems or tall trees. In some plants they also help in exchange of gases. In order to perform these additional functions, the tap roots and adventitious roots undergo some changes in their morphology and structure.

These roots also have lenticels for breathing. The great banyan tree in Kolkata is more than 250 years old and has 1600. prop roots.

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