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Reproduction – The production of new offsprings of plants is called plant reproduction.

Reproduction – The production of new offsprings of plants is called plant reproduction. Reproduction ensures continuity of species even after several generations. Modes of Reproduction : asexual and sexual.

Asexual Reproduction – Many plants reproduce asexually in which a part of the parent plant is involved to produce a new plant.

iii. Grafting – Mango, rose, citrus plants

When male and female gametes fuse together, it is known as sexual reproduction.

Flowers are the parts which bear organs of reproduction. There are four whorls in a flower; sepals, petals, stamens and pistil. Calyx/ Sepals – These are green leaf like structures that protect the flower during the bud stage. Corolla/ Petals – These are colourful parts of flowers. They attract insects for pollination. Androecium – It forms the third whorl in flowers.

Gynoecium – It forms the fourth whorl in flowers.

Types of flowers – Depending on whether the stamens and pistil are present on the same flower or different flowers, flowers are of two types.

Examples: rose, mustard, Hibiscus, gulmohar

Examples: papaya, maize, cucumber Pollination – It is the process of movement of pollen grains from anther to stigma. There are two types of pollination;

Agents of Pollination – Transfer of pollen grains can be facilitated with the help of wind, water, insects, birds, reptiles and animals.

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Both male and female parents are involved.

New plants are genetically identical.