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Reasons Why Forests and Wildlife Matter

Reasons Why Forests and Wildlife Matter

Key Points on Conservation of Forest and Wildlife

The forests can be conserved in the following manner:

Introducing afforestation programs.

Controlling forest fires.

Proper utilization of forest resources.

Proper care should be taken to protect the forests from pests and diseases.

Forests provide us with a variety of resources such as wood, timber, fibre and other raw materials for domestic as well as commercial purposes. They absorb the harmful carbon dioxide gas and maintain the earth’s temperature. They also hold the soil firmly and prevent erosion of soil. This is why it is beneficial to conserve forests.

Wildlife can be conserved by:

Developing protective areas such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries to protect the animals in their natural habitat.

The endangered and vulnerable species can be kept in captivity in places such as zoos and bred to increase their population.

The cutting of forests should be strictly prohibited. It is an abode of a variety of wild animals.

Hunting of wild animals should be banned.

Wild animals form a part of the food chain. They are responsible for maintaining a balance in the ecosystem. In order to maintain an ecological balance, the wildlife needs to protect.

Wildlife destruction is caused due to:

Increasing demand for hides and meat has led to the hunting of animals.

Cutting down of forests has led to the scarcity of food and space that has killed many animals.

Frequent floods and earthquakes are the natural causes of wildlife destruction.

Forests are the major part of an ecosystem. They are an abode to various plants and animals. They maintain environmental balance by inhaling carbon dioxide and regulating rainfall. They provide food and space to animals that help to maintain the ecological balance. If all the forests are destroyed, it will have a severe impact on the environmental balance. There will be frequent earthquakes and floods. The temperature of the earth will rise enormously. Life on earth will be impossible.

Ever since humans evolved, we have changed the land cover of the earth gradually. Consequently, one of the most pressing issues today is the conservation of forest. However, we need to understand the definition of the forest first:

“Forests are defined as large areas of land with trees.”

There are over 800 definitions of forest that are used around the world. And it is not necessary that an area has to be populated with trees for it to be deemed as a forest. And in some cases, an area can be legally designated as a forest, regardless of the type of local vegetation.  Overall, forests are the natural habitat of large scale wildlife, growth of trees, shrubs and different variety of plants which, unfortunately, are dwindling every year. Hence, conservation of forest is an important responsibility that all of us have to undertake. Almost 31% of the earth’s land surface is covered by forests. According to a 2015 report, 23% of India’s land cover consists of the forest region. Trees and plants in the forest are an integral part of the ecosystem. It sustains life on the planet, provides clean air and shelter. Also, forests help conserve biodiversity. Forests provide many resources such as food, medicine, fabric, and raw materials. Apart from keeping a check on the global temperature, forests also contribute towards preventing soil from getting eroded and shelters more than 80% of the animal species and terrestrial biodiversity. They also aid in improving the socioeconomic aspects of a country. Wildlife refers to the animal species that are not domesticated. So, any living organism that lives in the forest region is associated with wildlife. It is found in almost all ecosystems such as rainforests, boreal forests, plains, grasslands, deserts etc. Wildlife provides great stability to  our environment  wherein they are involved in natural processes either directly or indirectly. Each living organism is placed in the food chain and is equally important, they may be a producer, a consumer or a decomposer, all these are interlinked and depend on each other for their survival. Also Read:  Forests-Our Lifeline Let us have a detailed look at the conservation of forest and wildlife.

Conservation of forest is the practice of planting more trees and maintaining the forested areas for the sustainability for future generations. Forests are an important natural resource and are beneficial to humans in several ways. But due to increasing  deforestation  activities, it has become essential to conserve forests throughout the world. Deforestation is the permanent destruction or loss of forests for the expansion of lands for agriculture, livestock, etc. The process of destructing forests for the expansion of agricultural land is referred to as shifting cultivation. Following are some of the major steps for conservation of forest:

Why is it necessary to save our wildlife, after all, they are just animals and plants? Wildlife is a very important and vital aspect of our  ecosystem . Listed below are a few of the reasons stating the importance of wildlife conservation:

There is an absolute need to save our flora and fauna in the forests for the following reasons:

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