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Read on to explore what is vermicomposting and the process involved in vermicomposting.

“Vermicomposting is a process in which the earthworms convert the organic waste into manure rich in high nutritional content.”

Read on to explore what is vermicomposting and the process involved in vermicomposting.

Vermicomposting is the scientific method of making compost, by using earthworms. They are commonly found living in soil, feeding on biomass and excreting it in a digested form.

Vermiculture means “worm-farming”. Earthworms feed on the organic waste materials and give out excreta in the form of “vermicasts” that are rich in nitrates and minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, calcium and potassium. These are used as  fertilizers  and enhance soil quality.

Vermicomposting comprises two methods:

The entire process of vermicomposting is mentioned below:

To prepare vermicompost using earthworms and other biodegradable wastes.

This process is mainly required to add  nutrients  to the soil. Compost is a natural fertilizer that allows an easy flow of water to the growing plants. The earthworms are mainly used in this process as they eat the organic matter and produce castings through their digestive systems.

The nutrients profile of vermicomposts are:

After the 24th day, around 4000 to 5000 new worms are introduced and the entire raw material is turned into the vermicompost.

The major benefits of vermicomposting are:

Following are the important disadvantages of vermicomposting:

Vermicomposting turns the kitchen waste and other green waste into dark, nutrient-rich soil. Due to the presence of microorganisms, it maintains healthy soil. Vermicomposting is an eco-friendly process that recycles organic waste into compost and produces valuable nutrients. Also Read:  Garbage in Garbage out

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