Manure is the organic matter obtained naturally from decaying plants and animals.
A fertiliser is a natural or chemically synthesised material applied to the soil to increase its fertility and productivity.
Manure is the organic matter obtained naturally from decaying plants and animals. It is also obtained from animal and human faeces and also, from domestic wastes such as vegetable peels.
Manure is better than fertiliser. Manure is derived naturally and adds a lot more than just nutrients to the soil. They increase the activity of the microbes in the soil and increase its fertility. On the other hand, fertilisers harm these microbes and cause health issues in the consumers since they are synthesised chemically.
Manure conditions the soil. It adds nutrients to the plants and is a key fertiliser in organic farming. It is therefore allowed by National Organic Program Standards.
Organic fertilisers are obtained from human and animal excreta, and vegetable wastes. The animal waste obtained from the processing of meat, slurry and manure forms the most effective organic fertilisers.
Both manure and fertilisers help to increase the productivity of crops. They provide nutrition to the plants and help them to grow. They enrich the soil and increase its fertility.
Though manure and fertilisers add to the fertility of the soil, they are different from each other. Manures are obtained from natural sources, whereas fertilisers are synthetically manufactured in the factories. Manures are eco-friendly, whereas fertilisers harm the useful microbes present in the soil and also decrease the soil fertility if used for a longer time.
Whether it is a small scale or large scale farming, the ultimate goal is to achieve economically feasible profits/yield. This requires good crop production and management practices like preparation of land, seed selection, usage of fertilisers, etc. Usage of fertilisers is one of the processes adopted by farmers to increase the yield. However, their overuse can lead to a loss of capital in addition to crop loss. Most farmers are not aware of the effect of fertilisers, especially in developing countries. Soil is the primary resource of nutrients like minerals for the crop. However, some types of soil are not rich in minerals or are infertile. Even repeated farming can result in loss of fertility of the soil. In such cases, the soil is to be replenished with nutrients from the external source. Also Read: Agriculture and Fertilisers
Soil replenishment is essential for the healthy growth of the crop.
Difference between Manure and Fertiliser
Following are the important difference between fertiliser and manure:
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It may be an artificial or natural substance.
These are chemicals that are added to the soil to increase its fertility and productivity.
These are obtained from dead and decaying plants and animals.
Does not provide humus to the soil.
Comparatively cheaper and cost-effective
It harms the organisms present in the soil and also causes health issues in people consuming the crop.
It causes no harm to the organisms and improves soil quality.