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Individual identification has its use in ecology, wildlife management and conservation biology.

Identification in biology is known as the process of assigning a pre-existing taxon name to a specific individual organism. Identification of the organisms to individual scientific names or even codes can be based on the individualistic natural body features, some experimentally created individual markers, for example, the colour dot patterns, or even on the natural individualistic molecular markers that are similar to the ones that are used in the maternity or paternity identification tests. Individual identification has its use in ecology, wildlife management and conservation biology. The more common form of the identification is the identification of the organisms to their common names, for example, the lion or its scientific name which is Panthera leo. By necessity, this is dependent on the inherited features or characters of the sexual organisms, the inheritance which is forming the basis of defining a specific class. The features can be either morphological, or anatomical, or physiological, behavioural, or even molecular. In this article, we will study about the identification in biology, the labeo rohita classification, and the specimen of leech.

Let us first understand what is taxonomy in biology. Taxonomy is defined as the methodology and the principles of the systematic botany and zoology that sets up different arrangements of the kinds of plants and animals according to their hierarchies of the superior and the subordinate groups. Among all the biologists, the Linnaean system of the binomial nomenclature, which was created by a Swedish naturalist whose name was Carolus Linnaeus in the early 1750s, is accepted internationally. [Image will be uploaded soon]

Now that you know about what is taxonomy, let us take a look at what is nomenclature and how the animals and plants are named.

[Image will be uploaded soon] Let us learn about the labeo rohita spotting in detail. Domain – Eukaryota Kingdom – Metazoa Phylum – Chordata Subphylum – Vertebrata Class – Actinopterygii Order – Cypriniformes Family – Cyprinidae Genus – Labeo Species – Labeo rohita Labeo Rohita Comments

Let us now look at the specimen of the leech. [Image will be uploaded soon] Kingdom – Animalia Phylum – Annelida Class – Hirudinaria Order – Gnathobdellida Genus – Hirudinaria Species – Granulosa Features of Leech

Ans. A biological specimen which is also called a biospecimen refers to a biological laboratory specimen which is held by a biorepository and is used for research. Such a kind of specimen would be taken with the help of sampling so that it can be a representative of any other specimen which is taken from the source of that specimen. When the biological specimens are stored, they ideally remain equivalent to the freshly-collected specimens for the purposes of different kinds of research. The human biological specimens are stored in the type of biorepository known as a biobank, and the science of preserving these biological specimens is the most active when it comes to the field of biobanking.

Ans. Biological collections or specimens are systematized repositories which are well identified, classified and ordered off a combination of any kind of biological material. Most of these repositories are deposited not only in the natural history or any kind of science museums but also in the universities, research centres or even totally or partially in the private collections. These are then used by the researchers to research them.

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