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In high doses, all nine trace minerals are often toxic in humans.

The term mineral toxicity refers to a condition during which the concentration within the body of anybody of the minerals necessary for all times is abnormally high, and which has an adverse effect on health. The mineral nutrients are defined as all the inorganic elements or inorganic molecules that are required for all times. As far as human nutrition sustenances, the inorganic nutrients comprise water, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphate, sulfate, magnesium, iron, fluorine, copper, zinc, chromium, manganese, iodine, selenium, and molybdenum. The last nine elements in this list are sometimes called trace minerals or micronutrients because humans need only small amounts of them in the diet. In high doses, all nine trace minerals are often toxic in humans.

The causes and symptoms of mineral toxicity depend upon the precise mineral in question:

An increase in the concentrations of sodium in the bloodstream can be toxic. The normal concentration of sodium within the plasma is 136 – 145 mM, while levels over 152 mM may result in seizures and death. Increased plasma sodium, which is named hypernatremia, causes various cells of the body, including those of the brain, to shrink. Shrinkage of the brain cells leads to confusion, coma, paralysis of the lung muscles, and death. Death has occurred where salt (sodium chloride) was accidentally used, rather than sugar, for feeding infants. Death thanks to sodium toxicity has also resulted when bicarbonate of soda (sodium bicarbonate) was used during attempted therapy of excessive diarrhea or vomiting. Although the spread of processed foods contains high levels of common salt, the amount used isn’t enough to end in sodium toxicity. Potassium is potentially quite toxic, however toxicity or death thanks to potassium poisoning is typically prevented due to the vomiting reflex.  

Ans. When mineral toxicity results from the exaggerated consumption of mineral supplements, toxicity can be deterred by minimizing the use of dietary supplements and keeping iron tablets in specific out of the reach of kids. Zinc toxicity may be prevented by not storing food or beverages in zinc containers. In the case of iodine, toxicity can be prevented by avoiding extra consumption of seaweed or kelp. In the case of selenium toxicity arising from high-selenium soils, toxicity can be curbed by relying on food and water obtained from a low-selenium region. Such genetic disorders as Wilson’s disease and Menkes disease cannot be avoided as of the early 2000s.

Ans. Parental concerns regarding the mineral toxicity in kids must be enacted towards deterring accidental consumption of iron and other mineral supplements in adolescent kids and in regulating the adoption of fad diets in teenagers. In the case of children who have hemochromatosis or Wilson’s disease, parents will need to make sure that the affected child complies with all the aspects of necessary treatment. In the case of a child with Menkes disease, parents should seek genetic counseling, as the grim prognosis of this illness places a heavy emotional as well as an economic burden on a family.

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