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Glycolipids are also called glycosphingolipids.

Glycolipids are also called glycosphingolipids. They are a type of complex lipids comprising carbohydrate, fatty acid and sphingosine. The term glycolipids mainly describe any compound containing one or more monosaccharide residues bound by a glycosidic linkage. These molecules are widely distributed in tissue, brain and also in nerve cells. Also Read:  Lipids

Glycolipids are structural lipids, which are generally found on the extracellular face of the eukaryotic cellular membrane. The different types of glycolipids are:

These types of glycolipids or glycosphingolipids are found primarily in the brain and in the peripheral nervous tissue. It acts as an insulator and is mainly involved in providing a protective coating to the nerve cells.

These types of glycolipids or glycosphingolipids are neutral compounds and are composed of sialic acid residues. They are the main components of the animal’s cell membrane and are abundantly found in the plasma membrane of the neurons.

The main functions of Glycolipid are:

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