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Glottis and epiglottis situated within the pharynx protect the airway while swallowing food.

Glottis and epiglottis situated within the pharynx protect the airway while swallowing food. Glottis is the narrowest part of the larynx and opens into the airway. Vocal cords make lateral borders of it. Epiglottis, a leaf-shaped cartilaginous flap, prevents the food from entering the airway passage of the respiratory system while swallowing. The larynx muscles have the tendency to contract while swallowing which causes an upward movement of the glottis and downward movement of the epiglottis. The human systema respiratorium consists of a gaggle of organs and tissues that help us to breathe. Lungs are the first organs of the systema respiratorium which help within the exchange of gases. The other main parts of this technique include a series of airways for air passages, blood vessels, and therefore the muscles that facilitate breathing.

The system respiratory in humans has the subsequent important features.

The respiratory tract in humans is made up of the following parts:

Glottis opens into the windpipe and is responsible for the production of sound. While the epiglottis may be a cartilaginous flap on top of the glottis that forestalls the food from getting into the larynx. The main difference between glottis and epiglottis is their function and therefore the structure.

Q1. Where is Glottis and Epiglottis Situated? Ans – Glottis and epiglottis situated within the pharynx protect the airway while swallowing food. Glottis is the narrowest part of the larynx and opens into the airway. Vocal cords make lateral borders of it. Epiglottis, a leaf-shaped cartilaginous flap, prevents the food from entering the airway passage of the respiratory system while swallowing. The larynx muscles have the tendency to contract while swallowing which causes an upward movement of the glottis and downward movement of the epiglottis. Q2. Mention the Main Parts and Functions of the Respiratory Tract. Ans – The respiratory tract in humans is made up of the following parts:

Q3. What are the Features of the Human Respiratory System? Ans – The system respiratory in humans has the subsequent important features.

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Epiglottis forms the superior border of the glottis.

Size of the glottis is liable for the voice type.

Size of the epiglottis is not responsible for the voice type.

While swallowing glottis moves upward.

While swallowing epiglottis moves downwards.