Find Your Free Essay Examples

Fungi are a separate kingdom of living organisms like plants and animals.

Fungi are a separate kingdom of living organisms like plants and animals. Fungi has cells with nuclei. Fungi cell walls contain chitin unlike plant cells, which contain cellulose. From their appearance to their characteristics and behaviour, a fungi is distinct from all other living organisms.

Yeast, mold and mushroom are the three kinds of fungi.

While plants need sunlight to produce their food via photosynthesis, fungi do not need light. All plants have green pigment called chlorophyll which is for capturing sunlight. Fungi is void of chlorophyll and hence, does not have any use from light.

Fungi act as dominant decomposers as they break complex plant debris like cellulose. Fungi also recycle nutrients in any habitat where they reside.

Fungi are organisms belonging to the kingdom Fungi that includes 144,000 species of organisms such as yeasts, rusts, mildews, mushrooms and so on. Fungi are the most widely distributed organism on the globe as it has medicinal properties. Fungi are found free living in the soil or water. Some of these organisms create parasitic or symbiotic relationships with plants and animals. Fungi has been of great importance to human beings, as it produces food items like bread, cheese and wine. Fungi are found everywhere from the air, soil, river, lakes and seas to plants, animals, clothing, etc. Let’s look at the life cycle of fungi to get a better understanding.

The life cycle of fungi has many different patterns based on the species of the fungi. Not all fungi reproduce in the same way. While some fungi reproduce sexually, others reproduce asexually. Therefore, we are going to look at the life cycle of a fungi in asexual and sexual stage. Sexual Reproduction of Fungi –

Asexual Reproduction of Fungi: During the mycelium stage, the fungi has the choice of reproducing sexually or asexually. The asexual life cycle in fungi produces mitospores, which are idectical to the parent. These mitospores later grow into a new set of mycelium and the entire life cycle repeats again.

The life cycle of a fungi is quite complex in nature as they do not reproduce in one way, but sexually and asexually based on the environmental conditions. Due to its distinct nature, a fungus is capable of surviving anywhere and everywhere.