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Forests are areas where most of the species of flora and fauna are found per square kilometers.

Forests are areas where most of the species of flora and fauna are found per square kilometers. It is the lungs of the planet that take up the carbon dioxide released by the animals and give oxygen to the environment. Forests are defined as the areas of lands that grow various species of trees, plants, shrubs, herbs. The woods are a natural habitat for numerous animals and birds. These are the animals that are not grown by humans. The forests are the areas that regulate the temperature of the earth. It prevents the soil from being eroded by floods and other natural calamities. Forests are the primary source of many medicinal plants, woods, food, raw materials, and fabrics. About 31% of the earth’s surface is covered by forest, but as the modern age arises, the rate at which the trees are being cut-down is increasing gradually. Hence, there is an importance of conserving the woods and its associated wildlife. Conservation of Forest Conservation of forests is the practice of saving the trees that are cut by industries and other organizations in the name of development and urbanization. It is planting new trees and taking care of them. The number of trees that are cut must be lower than the number of trees that are planted. All the people must take an active initiative to plant more trees in the neighborhood and also stop numerous trees from being cut. Deforestation is the process of cutting trees and making the area of the forest barren and unfit for living for animals and birds. Hence, deforestation must be controlled to control the destruction of the forest. Awareness about climate change due to deforestation must be spread among people. Since industrialization is slowly growing in the modern world, properly planned deforestation must be done. The woods which cannot be used and that need less time to grow must be used as raw materials. Selectively the trees are cut so that rare trees are preserved. Forest fires are the primary source of deforestation. Proper measures to prevent forest fires should be taken. Old woods that can catch fire due to lightning must be removed. Steps to lower the forest fires should be considered. Planning and execution of the elimination of forest fires must be done priorly by the government. Various reforestation programs like the World Environment Day celebrated on June 5th of every year should be practiced by multiple schools and colleges. Youth must be encouraged to plant and look after the plants. The importance of conserving the trees must be explained to the people. The exploitation of forest products must be stopped. Strict rules and implementation of the regulations must be made on people who exploit forest wealth. Forest management departments should take care of the sustainable growth of the forests and ensure that hunting and poaching activities are avoided. Wildlife Conservation The protection of diverse wildlife in the forest is called wildlife conservation. Wildlife is the animals and birds that live in the woods and that are not domesticated by anyone. The wood is their natural habitat, and destruction of the forests leads these animals to become homeless. These animals can later come among the villages and feed on the crops as they do not have a specific home to live. Medicinal plants that have an essential therapeutic value are obtained in forests. Most of the antibiotics are manufactured by the raw materials found in the woods. Almost one-third of the pharmaceutical industry gets its raw materials from the woods. These medicinal plants may also have the potential to cure many diseases that man has not found a cure for. Hence, forests are essential places for scientists to find specimens to research and find a cure, explore different properties of plants. These medicinal plants are wild and can also come under the term of wildlife. Forests and wildlife are necessary to regulate the population of different species of animals and birds. The forest ecosystem has primary, secondary, and tertiary consumers in the food chain. Forests help in maintaining biodiversity as various species of organisms takes shelter in the woods. Microorganisms that are necessary for the biosphere to survive, such as nitrogen-fixing bacteria, also take refuge in the soil of the forest. They regulate the nitrogen content of the earth and make it sustainable for living. Reasons Why Forests Matter [Image will be Uploaded Soon]

Essential Points on Conservation of Forest and Wildlife

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