Follicle-stimulating hormones are glycoprotein gonadotropin secreted by the pituitary gland.
The follicle-stimulating hormone produced by the pituitary gland plays an essential role in the production and release of eggs. Follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH) are called gonadotropins because they stimulate the gonads and control the sexual and reproductive characteristics in both male and females. Follicle-stimulating hormones are glycoprotein gonadotropin secreted by the pituitary gland. It is the most essential hormone for the development of secondary sexual characteristics and the function of women’s ovaries and men’s testes.
Follicle-stimulating hormones stimulate the maturation of primordial germ cells in both males and females. Other functions of follicle-stimulating hormones are: In women:
The level of FSH in women varies during the menstrual cycle and there will be an increase in the level just before she releases an egg (ovulates). The hormonal level usually varies with the person’s age and sex. High FSH levels in boys or girls may mean that puberty is about to start. The normal value of FSH in male: Before puberty – 0 to 5.0 mIU/mL. During puberty – 0.3 to 10.0 mIU/mL. Adult – 1.5 to 12.4 mIU/mL. The normal value of FSH in female: Before puberty – 0 to 4.0 mIU/mL. During puberty – 0.3 to 10.0 mIU/mL. Women who are still menstruating – 4.7 to 21.5 mIU/mL. After menopause – 25.8 to 134.8 mIU/mL. High FSH levels in women The main causes for the increase in the production of FSH are:
Low FSH levels in men Non-functioning of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.
The FSH test is mainly used to measure the level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a blood sample. Why is the FSH test used? This test is mainly used to diagnose the causes of infertility and the procedure is carried out in both a man and a woman. Other uses of this test include:
This article concludes the introduction to the Follicle Stimulating Hormone, their functions, disorders caused by their level of production and their symptoms.
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