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Estrogen is a steroid hormone that plays an important role in regulating mammalian reproduction.

Estrogen is a steroid hormone that plays an important role in regulating mammalian reproduction.

Estrogen is the female sex hormone produced in the adrenal glands, ovaries and fatty tissue, which is mainly responsible for the development of breasts in puberty and the growth of uterus lining during the menstrual cycle. In females, the estrogen hormone prepares the uterus and other reproductive organs for pregnancy. It also regulates the menstrual cycle, growth of pubic and underarm hair and also maintains bone strength by collaborating with calcium, vitamin D, and other essential  vitamin and minerals . Like other sex hormones, a little amount of estrogen is also present in man’s body, which protects bone health. These hormones also act by regulating the transcription of certain genes in the uterus. Also Read:  Sex Hormones and its Reproductive Functions

Estrogen is widely secreted and released by a pair of ovaries in the female gonad and only a small amount of estrogen is released by the adrenal glands and fat cells, which is responsible for sexual and reproductive development during puberty. Estrogen hormones produced by the ovaries promote the development of reproductive organs by maintaining the proper uterine cycle and by developing female secondary sex characteristics. Menopause usually occurs between age 45 and 55, when both uterine cycles and the ovaries stop functioning and there is no longer production of estrogen hormones. Every phase of the  menstrual cycle  is influenced by estrogen hormones and other female sex hormones. Our body produces three main types of estrogen:

Estrogens are a group of hormones that play an important role in the normal sexual and reproductive development in women during puberty. Other functions include:

Estrogen is a steroid hormone that plays an important role in regulating mammalian reproduction. They act by regulating the transcription of certain genes in the uterus. Estrogen level changes during menopause because of which women experience many uncomfortable symptoms. Estrogen hormonal levels vary depending upon the age of individuals. In some rare cases, they fluctuate during the menstrual cycle, and a few symptoms of mood swings are caused before menstruation or hot flashes in menopause. Pregnancy, menstrual cycle, and menopause are the main factors, which affect the estrogen levels in the body. Other factors include:

Low-level Estrogen Hormone The most common reason for low estrogen in women is menopause or surgical removal of the ovaries. Symptoms of low estrogen include:

The under secretion of estrogen hormone even affects males. The symptoms include: Men with low estrogen hormones can suffer from excess belly fat and low sexual desire. High-level Estrogen Hormone Women with higher estrogen hormone level can lead to the following symptoms:

The oversecretion of estrogen hormone also affects males. The symptoms include:

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