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Enzymes act as biological catalysts made from amino acids.

Enzymes act as biological catalysts made from amino acids.

Enzymes can be defined as the proteins composed of hundreds and thousands of amino acids, which are strung together in a very specific and unique order. The word enzyme was first coined by a German Scientist Wilhelm Kuhne in the year 1878. Explore more:   Enzymes The study of enzymes, its catalysts, types, functions, mechanism, other activities related to the enzyme and its terminologies are termed biochemistry. In the human body, these enzymes are mainly involved in the various bio-reaction processes, therefore, the enzymes are also referred to as the biological catalysts. The main functions which require the presence of enzymes are the production of energy in the cells, the process of digestion, synthesis of  hormones  and so on. There are six different types of enzymes and are mainly categorised into different groups based on their functions.

The most important functions of enzymes are: Enzymes play a crucial role in various body functions including the biological process such as absorption of nutrients, digestion, breathing, excretion, reproduction, the function of the liver and kidney and a lot more. Refer more:  Life processes

There are approximately 1300 different enzymes found in human cells, which includes amylase, pepsin, trypsin, pancreatic lipase, ribonuclease and deoxyribonuclease. All these enzymes are involved in the different chemical processes such as the breakdown of large starch molecules,  proteins , fats and other nucleic acids. Enzymes are very useful catalysts in many different industrial processes, which includes: In the food processing industries. Application of enzymes in the process of food processing is a very old practice, which has been used by our ancestors and these include a very simple process. Enzymes are used by the food industries for processing raw materials for the production of numerous and common products such as bakery products, dairy products, meat products, fruit products, beer and wine. Enzymes are broadly used in the production of alcoholic beverages and certain food products. Other than the production, these enzymes are also used in improving the quality of food products, such as improving the quality of the food, taste, flavour, colour, etc. The applications of enzymes include:

In the modern world,  biotechnology  enzymes used in the food industry are extracted directly from the plants and animal sources and are also obtained by microbial fermentation. Also Refer:   Food processing In Pharmaceutical industries. With the invasions of new technologies and the unique characteristics of enzymes, the different types of enzymes are used as drugs. These drugs specifically bind to the target and also have an incomparable potential and advantages compared to the ordinary small molecular drugs. Applications of some important therapeutic enzymes, which are widely used in the productions of drugs for the treatment of various dreadful disease and other  infectious diseases , including allergies, food and cyanide poisoning, gout, heart attack, inflammation, leukaemia, viral and bacterial infections, plague formations, skin ulcers, thrombosis and a lot more. Also Read:  Different types of Human Diseases In textile processing and fabric finishing industries. Enzymes play an important role in removing impurities, to provide a stonewashed effect, in the ethanol production to break down the starch and cellulose into fermentable sugars. Other applications of enzymes include:

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