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Control and Preventions for Communicable Diseases

Control and Preventions for Communicable Diseases

Important Questions on Communicable Diseases

The diseases can be simply defined as a disturbance in the normal functioning of the body, among which few affects only to the particular organ system and some affect the entire body of an organism. There are numerous diseases which vary in their signs, symptoms, and causes. Pathology is the branch of medicines which mainly deals with the study of disease, the nature of diseases, its cure, diagnosis, etc. Also Refer:  Diseases  As per the medical records, there are more than 20,000 of human diseases, which affect more than millions of people every year. Let us study certain communicable human diseases along with its causes and preventions.

A disease, which spreads from one person to another person, is termed as the communicable disease. It is also referred to as   infectious diseases  or transmissible diseases. Also Read:  Communicable Non Communicable Diseases

The agents causing communicable diseases include Virus, Bacteria, protozoa, and Fungi.

These microbes are small infectious agents which are present in food, air and in the water. They penetrate very easily into our body through the mouth, nose, cuts, injuries, scratches on the skin from the environment (from the soil, water, and air) and other infectious agents and causes severe infections which may also lead to the person’s death. Viral infections can be easily transmitted from person to person. AIDS, Polio, Measles, Influenza are a few examples of infections caused by a virus.

There are millions and billions of beneficial and harmful bacteria present all around us. Few among them are present both inside and outside our body always, by protecting our body from the disease-causing microbes. These bacteria are called beneficial bacteria. The other group of bacteria, cause harm by entering into our body. These bacteria generally, engulf, reproduce kill the protective bacteria and cause harm to the host cells by releasing toxins. Tuberculosis, Whooping cough, Typhoid, Cholera, are a few examples of infections caused by bacteria.

They are single-celled, microscopic, eukaryotic organisms. Malaria and other immune system disorders are few examples of infections caused by the protozoan.

They are threadlike parasites, which cannot synthesize their food and feeds on other organic material in which they live in.  Ringworm , Athlete’s foot are a few examples of infections caused by fungi. There are other agents, who act as a carrier or vectors and they carry the disease-causing microorganisms and spread from one person to another person. These vectors include mosquitoes, rats, house flies, etc. Read more about:  Microbes

Listed below are a few precautions, which should be carried to avoid infection and other spreading diseases.

There are many diseases which develop from environmental problems, through nutrition deficiency, blood-related issues, chromosomal disorders, and so on. Also Refer:  Diseases Caused By Microorganisms

Antibiotics are defined as drugs or strong medicines, mainly used to treat bacterial infections. These drugs are functions either by killing or slow down the growth of bacteria. Amoxicillin, Doxycycline Azithromycin, and Penicillin are some examples of antibiotics.

Communicable diseases are an infectious disease, which spread from a person to person and are caused by the pathogens. Tuberculosis, typhoid, scabies, plague, skin allergies are are some examples of communicable diseases.

Amoebic dysentery, Malaria, Sleeping sickness, Redness of eye and Ulcers are list of few diseases caused by protozoans.

Any disease, it can either be communicable disease and the non-communicable or allergies or any infections can be prevented if proper hygiene is maintained. Other preventive measures include:

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