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Cockroaches belong to the order Blattodea, the family of Blattidae and the Genus Periplaneta.

Cockroaches belong to the order Blattodea, the family of Blattidae and the Genus Periplaneta. There are around 4000 different species of cockroach around the world. However, only a few of them can be found in the Indian subcontinent. Some of the common species include – German cockroach (Blatella Germanica), American cockroach (Periplaneta Americana), oriental cockroach (Blatta Orientalis) and the brown-banded cockroach (Supari Longipalpa). To know more about the different species of cockroach and their scientific names, refer to our morphology and anatomy of cockroach notes. Fun Fact : it is said that cockroaches run faster than any other insect. Morphology and Anatomy of Cockroach  In this section, you will delve a bit further to examine the morphology and anatomy of cockroach. A cockroach has three main body parts, namely the head, thorax, and abdomen. It also has a hard outer-body covering known as the exoskeleton. This exoskeleton is composed of two compounds – cuticulin and chitin. Its function is to provide attachment to muscles and protect the internal organs. You can also go through cockroach anatomy video to gain a better understanding. The three main body parts along with cockroach anatomy have been discussed in detail below –

Fun fact: the body of a cockroach can live on for several weeks without the head.

Female cockroaches have a pair of ovaries, oviducts, median vagina, a pair of colleterial glands and spermathecae. Go through our anatomy of cockroach class 11 ppt to understand reproductive process in cockroach.

The three main parts of alimentary canal are foregut, midgut and hindgut. The canal is further divided into several sections which include mouth, oesophagus, buccal cavity, crop and proventriculus.

The fat body is a loose tissue present in body cavity. This fat body stores surplus food in the form of fat, glycogen and albumen.

There are three nervous systems – central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and sympathetic nervous system. These extend throughout the length of a cockroach’s body.

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