Besides food, animals have also catered us with transportation facilities as well as clothing.
Introduction Man-animal associations have existed on earth since days beyond recall and animals have always been an integral parcel in man’s food system. Since time-immemorial people have been siphoning various food products such as eggs, milk, meat etc from animals. Besides food, animals have also catered us with transportation facilities as well as clothing. However, no authentic records have been conceived hitherto which could decipher the facts on evolution of various breeds of domesticated animals. As the global population is escalating steadily, the demand for some elementary requirements such as clothing, shelter and food products is also surging. In order to fill the bill, animal husbandry was introduced. Animal Husbandry incorporates domestication of animals and other schemes like cattle farming, fisheries, poultry farming etc. Animal Husbandry Animal Husbandry can be defined as a wing of agriculture which is associated with ranching of domestic animals inclusive of breeding, feeding and providing shelter to them. The fundamental principles of animal husbandry are represented below: The term “Animal Husbandry” was first coined during the Neolithic Revolution when the earliest domestication of animals was conducted. During the era of early civilizations, sheep, goats and cattle were reared on farms. Nonetheless, modernistic husbandries are based on adaptation of production structures on the accessibility of land and its genre. “Subsistence farming is being superseded by intensive animal farming in the more developed parts of the world, where for example beef cattle are kept in high density feedlots, and thousands of chickens may be raised in broiler houses or batteries”. Animal husbandry or the “domestication of livestock” was induced based on the requisite to have sufficient food when hunting had become futile. The enviable features which a domesticated animal should possess are:
The entire process of domestication was not an event of day; it recurred throughout years in different places across the globe. During its recursion, several enhancements and modifications occurred in the procedure. There were establishment of innovative ideas for crop rotation and cultivation of crops regarding winter fodder. In the late 18 th centuries, animal rearing has progressed to great extent incorporating high scale merchandize activities world-wide. It is inferred that “animal husbandry” is that sector which has high potential to grow in the upcoming years. The prospective of this sector requires to be exploited so that it can participate in providing “sustainable employment” in its location itself as well as apprehend the immigration of inhabitants to urban locations. Cattle Farming “Cattles are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae”. Cattles are considered to be the key assets in our day to day food consumption. Since ages, Cattles have been an integral segment in our livelihood especially from the perspective of food. Cattles farming or Cattle ranching can be defined as the large-scale rearing of Cattles and raising them for various agricultural purposes. Cattle Farming is conducted for two main intentions:
Breeding conducted relying on desired features
Farm Management Animal rearing or cattle rearing encompasses a lot of responsibilities too. In order to meet our expectations, we need to take good care of our cattle and livestock. Mentioned below are some significant aspects which we need to ponder while domesticating animals:
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Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Gir, Tharparkar
Jersey, Holstein-friesian, Brown Swiss
Karan Swiss, Frieswal, karan Fries.