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An ecosystem is a group of living and nonliving organisms of the environment.

An ecosystem is a group of living and nonliving organisms of the environment. The components like biotic and abiotic are linked together through energy flows and nutrient cycles. The external and internal factors control the ecosystem. The benefits that we receive from the ecosystem are known as ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are the various benefits given to humans by the natural environment and healthy ecosystem. They function together in a healthy relationship offering things like natural pollination of crops, weather mitigation, physical and mental well-being of humans, etc. The ecosystem services are essential to get clean drinking water, waste decomposition, and productivity and resilience of the food ecosystem.

Let us learn what the four main types of ecosystem services are.

From these four services, the supporting facilities are regarded as a basis for the other three services. Let us learn them in detail.

Ecosystems also act as a regulator of various systems like the quality of air and soil or generating flood and disease control.

Ans: Cultural services in the ecosystem include recreational experiences for enjoyment and a sense of healthy social bonding. These include activities like outdoor sports, ecotourism, and recreation. Science and education like scientific discoveries, the use of natural systems for school projects, etc. Historical and spiritual like religious nature, inherent or heritage value, etc. A culture like films, paintings, national symbols, etc. will constitute cultural ecosystem services. Such services foster a sense of bonding among people, encourage social cohesion, and play an important part in maintaining human health as well as his well-being.

Ans: The forest ecosystem services provide critical and diverse functions and values to human society. It supports conservation and biodiversity maintenance as prime habitat for many types of species. Forests stores carbon and seizes growth from the atmosphere, which contributes to climate change mitigation and the carbon cycle. Forest ecosystem produces and conserves soil, stabilizes streamflow, and water runoff. It also reduces the risk of natural disasters like droughts, floods, and landslides.

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