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All organisms including humans reproduce to produce offspring and continue their race.

All organisms including humans reproduce to produce offspring and continue their race. As a result, a young one is created which can have all the characteristics as that of the parent organism and follow the same cycle. For this, a reproductive system is required which works differently for different organisms. Humans have different reproductive systems and organs in males and females and both of these work together to produce offspring. A high level of sexual differentiation is present in humans. To know- How does your reproductive system work, we need to know about the reproductive organs, their functions and characteristics. Briefly explaining, human reproduction generally involves internal fertilization by the means of sexual intercourse. The process where the male penis insertion into the female’s vagina takes place, followed by the ejaculation of semen containing sperm. Then, a small amount of the sperm passes into the uterus through the cervix and further into the Fallopian tubes where fertilization of the ovum takes place. One sperm is only needed to fertilize the ovum, After fertilization, the fertilized ovum which forms a zygote, travels out of the fallopian tube and then into the uterus where it is implanted in the uterine wall. This is the beginning of pregnancy, the gestation period that continues for around nine months when the foetus develops and concludes with a childbirth via labor. The labor involves contraction of the uterine muscles and then the cervix dilates over a period of time (a few hours) and the baby passes out of the vagina. These are called human infants who depend on their caregivers and parental care.

The Three Categories of the Male Reproductive Organs include:

Ans. Human reproductive system is also susceptible to diseases and there are four types of diseases in humans that can occur, these include congenital abnormalities, infections, cancers and problems caused by environmental factors, psychological issues, physical damage  and autoimmune disorders.

Ans. An ovary is a ductless reproductive organ or gland that helps in the production of the female eggs, known as ova or ovum in singular form.

Ans. It is a combination of internal and external organs that help in executing the reproductive processes in both males and females. Male reproductive system consists of two major parts namely the penis and the testes. Testes produce the sperms and are provided in an external pouch-like structure called scrotum. Female reproductive system consists of clitoris, labia minora and the Bartholin’s glands. Most important organs of the female reproductive system are the uterus, the ovaries and the vagina that help in receiving the semen from the male reproductive system to further undergo fertilization.

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