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AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a disease caused by the HIV virus.

AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a disease caused by the HIV virus. In this condition, a person’s immune system becomes too weak to fight any kind of infection or disease. AIDS is usually the last stage of HIV infection; a stage where the body can no longer defend itself and thus spawns various diseases. AIDS, when untreated, leads to death.

AIDS is an advanced  HIV  infection or late-stage HIV. Someone with AIDS may develop a wide range of health conditions like – pneumonia, thrush, fungal infections, TB, toxoplasmosis.

There is also an increased risk of developing a medical illness like cancer and brain illnesses. CD4 count refers to the number of T-lymphocytes in a cubic millimetre of blood. A person may be referred to as “AIDS-affected” when the CD4 count drops below 200 cells per cubic millimetre of blood.

As AIDS is a virus infection, the symptoms related to acute HIV infection can be similar to flu or other viral illnesses, like –

Symptoms of late-stage HIV infection may include  –

There is no specific or perfect cure for AIDS, but with proper diagnosis, treatment and support, one can fight it and live a relatively healthy and happy life. One needs to take treatment correctly and deal with any possible side-effects.

Medicines are used to stop the virus from multiplying. One major treatment for HIV/AIDS is called  antiretroviral therapy (ART) .

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