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Acidity is a common medical condition, which affects people of all ages and sex.

The best treatment options available for acidity is the regular intake of safe and effective medications including esomeprazole, famotidine, Gaviscon and other antacids and indigestion drugs to prevent the overproduction of acids and provide relief from the pain and burning sensations.

Acidity is a common medical condition, which affects people of all ages and sex. According to the records, more than 60 millions of people suffer from acidity and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. The main cause is the lifestyle factor, obesity and regular use of certain drugs.

The major acidity symptoms include:

Heartburn

Ulcers in stomach

Nausea

Constipation

If the acidity is not treated before the symptoms worsen, it may lead to several  complications  including:

Cancer

Gastric ulcers

Severe pain in the chest or abdomen

Difficulties or pain in swallowing the food

Other problems related to the digestive system.

There are few precautions which need to be followed if a patient is suffering from the acidity. The precautions include:

Having less and frequent meals.

Regular walking and other physical activities.

Wearing loose clothing to avoid pressure on the abdomen

Reduce or avoid the consumption of spicy and deep-fried food items.

Reduce the intake of food which may trigger the symptoms of acidity like citrus food, raw onions, milk, salt, chocolates, tea, coffee, alcohol, carbonated beverages, and other tobacco products.

Acidity is also referred to as acid reflux. It is a common medical condition caused due to excessive production of acid by the stomach, which flows back into the food pipe and causes pain or burning sensation in the lower chest area. According to nutritionists, poor food habits and an unhealthy lifestyle are responsible for acidity in individuals.

Let us have an overview of the causes of acidity and acidity symptoms.

The digestive fluid of the stomach also called the gastric juice or stomach acid is mainly composed of sodium chloride (NaCl), potassium chloride (KCl), and hydrochloric acid (HCl),  Among these acids, the hydrochloric acid is the strong acid, which plays a vital role in the break down of food molecules and destroys the invading  pathogens  along with the food particles.

As the food particles move down into the stomach through the food pipe or oesophagus, the gastric glands present in the stomach produce the acid necessary to digest the food and kill any invading pathogens. In certain conditions, the gastric glands produce a large amount of acid, than usual to complete the digestion process. This results in acidity and burning sensation.

The main causes of the acidity are:

Following are the important acidity symptoms:

These were the common acidity symptoms, and they may also vary based on the diet followed by an individual. This condition can be easily cured by taking certain medicines to reduce the excessive production of acid within the stomach. Other natural cure and precautions include following a healthy eating pattern including protein-rich foods and avoiding carbonated beverages, and certain spicy and oily foods. Also Read:  Role of Digestive Enzymes    

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