A cell is the basic unit of life for all living organisms.
A cell is the basic unit of life for all living organisms. Cytosol and cytoplasm are two components of a cell. Cytosol is the intracellular fluid present within the cytoplasm. Cytosol is often confused with cytoplasm but one must realise that both are different entities.
Given below in a tabular column is the difference between cytosol and cytoplasm.
Cytoplasm is the component of the cell surrounded by the cell membrane. All the cell organelles are present in the cytoplasm. It helps in large cellular activities such as glycolysis or nuclear division. The inner concentrated region of the cytoplasm is called the endoplasm, whereas, the outer region of the cytoplasm is called ectoplasm.
Cytosol is known as the matrix of the cytoplasm. It surrounds the cell organelles in eukaryotes. In prokaryotes, all the metabolic reactions occur here.
Thus, we can infer that while cytosol is the fluid contained in the cell cytoplasm, cytoplasm is the entire content within the cell membrane.
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Cytosol is a fluid present in the cell membrane
Cytoplasm is a cell component present inside the cell membrane
It is composed of soluble ions, water, water-soluble proteins and molecules
It is composed of enzymes, water, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and inorganic ions.
All the chemical reactions in prokaryotes occur here
Involved in large cellular activities like cell division and glycolysis
Transportation of molecules and Signal transduction take place in the cytosol
Cytokinesis, nuclear division and signal transduction take place in the cytoplasm
Diversity is high compared to the cytosol