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A balanced hormone plays a substantial role in maintaining good health.

A balanced hormone plays a substantial role in maintaining good health. There are various ailments related to hormonal fluctuations.  Though acromegaly is not a common hormonal illness around the world, there is no harm to be aware of acromegaly causes.  It is also essential to detect acromegaly symptoms for timely remedies. Let us begin with acromegaly definition.  

Acromegaly begins with an unusual growth of hands, feet, and face.  You would not have difficulty in identifying acromegaly symptoms.  Though it may occur in older children, acromegaly is a condition, which occurs mostly in adults when their growth plates have closed.   Acromegaly is caused by excessive secretion of growth hormones, known as pituitary glands. (Image to be added soon) Image of the pituitary gland at the base of the brain The Pituitary gland is a tiny, pea-sized gland located at the edge of the bony structure of the brain.  It occupies the place near your optic nerves.  Since it produces vital hormones for the body, it is also referred to as ‘Master Gland’.

(Image to be added soon) Image of deformed bones of the hand as a result of acromegaly Acromegaly symptoms are visible and can be easily recognized.  When you realize that your ring does not fit in your finger because the shape of your hand has enlarged, you may want to consult a doctor as this could be the first of acromegaly symptoms.  Another acromegaly symptom could be visible when you begin to feel that you need a bigger shoe size.  Take a good look at yourself in the mirror, if you see that your jawline is protruding more than before.  A combination of all these acromegaly symptoms may be dropping hints for progressive acromegaly disease.  Acromegaly symptoms may differ from person to person.  However, if you can relate to nine out of ten symptoms, you may be suffering from acromegaly.

Now that you know what is acromegaly let us find out acromegaly causes.  Acromegaly is caused by surplus production of growth hormones by pituitary glands.  The excess secretion of growth hormones into your bloodstream activates the liver to manufacture insulin-like growth factors.  Though the growth plates in adults pause, these excessive growth factors trigger further enlargement of soft tissues and bones.  Hence, the resultant is giant-like growth in adults.   There are two reasons behind the acromegaly disorder.

No.  Though related, gigantism and acromegaly are two different types of illness.  In both cases, a person suffers from the overgrowth problem, but the origin of the ailments is different.  Gigantism starts prior to the fusion of the growth plate.  However, acromegaly occurs when the growth plate halts.  Generally, gigantism occurs mostly in children, whereas acromegaly occurs in adults.  In gigantism, children show linear growth, whereas in acromegaly adults suffer from bone and skull deformity.    Children could reach an abnormal height between 7 to 9 feet in gigantism.  However, adults do not grow taller in acromegaly.  They remain the same height, but their hands, legs, and face show enlargement.  Children may face this ailment at the time of their puberty, whereas acromegaly generally takes place in adults between the age of 30 and 50 years old.

Acromegaly can be diagnosed by several medical tests, such as blood tests, tests of oral glucose tolerance and insulin-like growth factor.  Furthermore, doctors conduct an MRI scan of the brain to verify the overgrowth of pituitary glands.  Though the treatment varies from patient to patient, an early diagnosis can assure cure from this ailment.   Minor acromegaly can be treated with the help of medicines to balance the production of growth hormones.  However, radiation therapy and surgery could bring relief to acromegaly patients.  Through the transsphenoidal operation, tumour cells are extracted from the body.  The procedure is successful in treating growth disorder.  Another option for treating acromegaly is radiation therapy where the rays destroy the tumour cells without going to the operation theatre.

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